|Centuries:||11th century – 12th century – 13th century|
|Decades:||1130s 1140s 1150s – 1160s – 1170s 1180s 1190s|
|Years:||1165 1166 1167 – 1168 – 1169 1170 1171|
- December 22 – Afraid that Old Cairo would be captured by the Crusaders, its Caliph orders the city set afire. The city burns for 54 days.
- Prince Richard of England becomes duke of Aquitaine. He later becomes King Richard I of England.
- Emperor Takakura ascends to the throne of Japan.
- King Valdemar I of Denmark conquers Arkona on the Island of Rügen, the strongest pagan fortress and temple in Northern Europe.