1980 United States presidential election

49th quadrennial U.S. presidential election

The 1980 United States presidential election happened on November 4, 1980. Ronald Reagan, the Republican candidate and former Governor of California, won the election. He defeated the incumbent president, Jimmy Carter, who was a Democrat, and John B. Anderson, a notable third party candidate who was an Independent.

1980 United States presidential election

← 1976 November 4, 1980 1984 →

538 members of the Electoral College
270 electoral votes needed to win
Turnout52.6%[1] Decrease 0.9 pp
Nominee Ronald Reagan Jimmy Carter John B. Anderson
Party Republican Democratic Independent[a]
Home state California Georgia Illinois
Running mate George H. W. Bush Walter Mondale Patrick Lucey
Electoral vote 489 49 0
States carried 44 6 + DC 0
Popular vote 43,903,230 35,480,115 5,719,850
Percentage 50.7% 41.0% 6.6%

Presidential election results map. Red denotes states won by Reagan/Bush, Blue denotes those won by Carter/Mondale.

President before election

Jimmy Carter

Elected President

Ronald Reagan

The country had a lot of problems during the election. The economy was bad (it was in a recession). Inflation was very high. There was an energy crisis. Iran, after the Iranian Revolution was holding 52 Americans hostage.

Reagan campaigned for to cut income taxes and to reduce government spending overall while increasing defense spending to challenge the Soviet Union in the Cold War. Carter campaigned for more government programs and mentioned the importance of human rights and preventing nuclear war.

Ronald Reagan won the election by a landslide, meaning that he had a lot more votes than his opponent.

Ronald Reagan's victory resulted in the Republicans gaining more power for the next few decades.

Candidates change

Democratic Party change

Democratic candidates:

Candidates gallery change

Republican Party change

Republican candidates:

Candidates gallery change

Notes change

  1. In some states labeled as National Unity, Anderson Coalition, Anderson Alternative or “Anderson for President”

References change

  1. "Voter Turnout in Presidential Elections". Presidency.ucsb.edu. Retrieved 2016-08-18.