2021 United States Capitol attack
On the afternoon of Wednesday, January 6, 2021, thousands of supporters of then-U.S President Donald Trump were in Washington, D.C. to protest against the results of the 2020 presidential election. They went in to support Trump's demand for Vice President Mike Pence and Congress to reject President-elect Joe Biden's victory. The protests soon became riots as thousands of Trump supporters broke into the United States Capitol, damaging the building. Presidential historian Michael Beschloss called the attacks an attempted coup d'etat by the President. The attack of the United States Capitol building was the worst at that place since the War of 1812.
|2021 United States Capitol attack|
|Part of the 2020–21 United States election protests and attempts to overturn the 2020 United States presidential election|
|Date||January 6, 2021|
United States Capitol, Washington, D.C., United States
38°53′23.3″N 77°00′32.6″W / 38.889806°N 77.009056°WCoordinates: 38°53′23.3″N 77°00′32.6″W / 38.889806°N 77.009056°W
|Methods||Rioting, vandalism, looting, assault, shootings, arson, and attempted bombings|
|Resulted in||Attempts to overturn election results in favor of Trump failed
|Casualties and arrests|
First, protesters came to the Ellipse for a planned rally. There, Rudy Giuliani called for "trial by combat," then later, Donald Trump told his supporters to march to the United States Capitol "to peacefully and patriotically make your voices heard today," while also asking them to "show strength" and to "fight like hell" for Republicans to "take back our country."
Storming of the CapitolEdit
The Trump supporters broke into the Capitol. Congress was in session at the time. All congressmen, lobbyists, news reporters, visitors and Vice President Mike Pence were evacuated to a secure location.
A Trump-supporting female rioter was shot by Capitol Police during the storming. At that time, she was climbing through a barricaded door near the entrance to the hall for the House of Representatives; she died later that day. Three people also died from medical emergencies that day, said the Washington D.C. police. The New York Times said that attackers hit a police officer with a fire extinguisher until he died, but that was later proven not true; it did not really happen.
The attack on the Capitol has been referred to as domestic terrorism.
During the attack, several rioters carried Confederate battle flags or Nazi symbols. For the first time in U.S. history, a Confederate battle flag was flying inside the U.S. Capitol building.
Trump responded to the storming by writing messages on Twitter. In a video, he told protesters: "This was a fraudulent election, but we can't play into the hands of these people. We have to have peace. So go home. We love you. You're very special. You've seen what happens. You see the way others are treated that are so bad and so evil. I know how you feel. But go home and go home in peace." In another message, he wrote: "These are the things and events that happen when a sacred landslide election victory is so unceremoniously & viciously stripped away from great patriots who have been badly & unfairly treated for so long." He continued: "Go home with love & in peace. Remember this day forever!"
5 people died during or shortly after the event: four rioters and one police officer. Fifteen police officers were sent to the hospital, and more than 50 were injured. Members of the mob hit Capitol police officers in the head with lead pipes and other weapons, including flag poles. Howard Liebengood was a Capitol Police officer on duty during the attack. He died by suicide three days later. Jeffrey Smith defended the capitol as part of the Metro Police Department. He killed himself soon after.
Trump was impeached for a second time because of this attack. Some people even wanted Vice President Pence to use the twenty-fifth amendment to remove Trump from office.
The House of Representatives formed a committee, the United States House Select Committee on the January 6 Attack, to investigate the attack and recommend changes that would prevent such an event from happening in the future.
Prison sentences for protestersEdit
More than 750 people were charged with crimes because of the Capitol attack. More than 200 of these people pleaded guilty, meaning that they agreed not to have trials in exchange for smaller punishments.
"More than 535 people have been charged with [or are under indictment for] taking part in the attack," media said in July.
On July 20, 2021, one protester was sentenced to 8 months in prison; the trial was held in federal court.
One protester was sentenced to 3 years and 5 months in prison; Jake Angeli also got a 3 years 5 months sentence.
One protester was sentenced to 5 years and 3 months in prison.
On March 8, 2022, a jury said Guy Wesley Reffitt was guilty of five crimes, including trying to stop Congress from doing its job (counting the votes) and bringing an illegal weapon (a pistol) into the Capitol. Prosecutors showed the jury a video that Reffitt had made of himself breaking into the Capitol and telling other rioters to hurt Speaker of the House Nancy Pelosi. Reffitt's son testified against him.
On March 22, 2022, a judge said Couy Griffin was guilty of one crime: Illegally going inside the Capitol. Griffin had asked to be tried by only a judge instead of a judge and jury.
Arrests in 2022Edit
The leader of the Proud Boys, Enrique Tarrio was arrested on March 8, 2022; He has been indicted for having had a role as a coordinator (or someone helping) the attack in 2021; Tarrio was not at the Capitol during the attack.
- 2023 invasion of the Brazilian Congress (inspired by the Capitol attack)
- ↑ https://www.ourquadcities.com/news/national-news/capitol-mob-built-gallows-and-chanted-hang-mike-pence/
- ↑ https://www.theatlantic.com/politics/archive/2021/01/trump-rioters-wanted-more-violence-worse/617614/
- ↑ https://www.timesofisrael.com/us-capitol-rioters-chanted-hang-mike-pence-video-footage/
- ↑ https://www.businessinsider.com/reuters-photographer-says-pro-trump-rioters-wanted-to-hang-pence-2021-1
- ↑ Lakritz, Talia (January 6, 2021). "Shocking photos show pro-Trump rioters in the Capitol stealing memorabilia and breaking into the desks of lawmakers". Yahoo News. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- ↑ Massimo, Rick; Vitka, Will. "Trump condemns Capitol riot; DeVos, US Capitol Police chief to resign". WTOP.
Today, First Amendment protests turned violent. Many persons came to the District armed and for the purpose of engaging in violence and destruction and have engaged in violence and destruction. They have fired chemical irritants, bricks, bottles, and guns.
- "Cheektowaga man set fire outside, entered Capitol during Washington insurrection". Buffalo News. January 9, 2021. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
- Brown, Melissa. "A visible gun led DC cops to the 'homemade napalm' in Lonnie Coffman's truck, affidavit shows". Montogmery Adviser.
- ↑ "What happened in Washington DC yesterday? A timeline of insurrection". The Independent. January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- ↑ "Top White House officials resign after Capitol Hill riots, including Melania Trump's chief of staff". www.abc.net.au. January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 10, 2021.
- ↑ "The Trump Administration Officials Who Resigned Over the Violence in the Capitol". The New York Times. January 9, 2021. Retrieved January 11, 2021.
- ↑ Melendez, Pilar; Bredderman, William; Montgomery, Blake (January 6, 2021). "Woman Shot Dead as Mob Overran Capitol ID'ed as Air Force Vet". The Daily Beast. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
- ↑ Raju, Manu; Barrett, Ted (January 7, 2021). "Facing criticism, US Capitol Police details response to mob, 14 suspects arrested and 50 officers injured". CNN. Archived from the original on January 8, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
- ↑ Thrush, Glenn; Dewan, Shaila; Eligon, John; MacFarquhar, Neil (January 7, 2021). "Questions mount over law enforcement's failure to protect the Capitol". The New York Times. Archived from the original on January 8, 2021.
Mr. Sund said more than 50 Capitol Police and Washington Metro Police officers had been injured, and several Capitol Police officers were hospitalized with serious injuries.
- ↑ Kutlu, Ovunc. "Death toll rises to 5 at Capitol riots in US capital". Anadolu Agency.
- ↑ "Capitol secured after assault from Trump supporters". CBS News. January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
- "Live updates: Twitter says users discussing second attack on U.S. Capitol on Jan. 17". San Francisco Chronicle. January 9, 2021. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
- Levenson, Eric; Vera, Amir; Kallingal, Mallika. "What we know about the 5 deaths in the pro-Trump mob that stormed the Capitol". CNN.
- McEvoy, Jemima. "These Are The Four People Who Died Amid The Capitol Riot". Forbes. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
- Terruso, Julia. "He organized a bus of Trump supporters from Pa. for 'the first day of the rest of our lives.' He died in D.C." Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
- ↑ Perez, Evan; Herb, Jeremy; Polantz, Katelyn; Scannell, Kara; Carrega, Christina (January 7, 2021). "Prosecutors 'looking at all actors,' including Trump, as charges are filed against Capitol rioters". CNN. Archived from the original on January 8, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- ↑ Peñaloza, Marisa (January 6, 2021). "Trump Supporters Clash With Capitol Police At Protest". National Public Radio. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
- ↑ Amenabar, Teddy; Zauzmer, Julie; Davies, Emily; Brice-Saddler, Michael; Ruane, Michael E.; et al. (January 6, 2021). "Live updates: Hundreds storm Capitol barricades; two nearby buildings briefly evacuated; Trump falsely tells thousands he won". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
- ↑ "Analysis: Trump's rage ignites mob assault on democracy". Mainichi Daily News. 2021-01-07. Retrieved 2021-01-11.
- ↑ Palma, Bethania (January 6, 2021). "Did Rudy Giuliani Call for 'Trial By Combat' Before Trump Mob Broke Into Capitol?". Snopes. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
- ↑ Conradis, Brandon (January 6, 2021). "Trump attacks Pence as protesters force their way into Capitol". The Hill. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- ↑ McCarthy, Tom; Ho, Vivian; Greve, Joan E. (January 7, 2021). "Schumer calls pro-Trump mob 'domestic terrorists' as Senate resumes election certification – live". Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 6, 2021 – via www.theguardian.com.
- ↑ "Before mob stormed US Capitol, Trump told them to 'fight like hell' –". The Boston Globe. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
- ↑ Moneymaker, Anna (January 6, 2021). "In Photos: Angry protesters and broken windows inside Statuary Hall". The New York Times. Retrieved 6 January 2021.
- ↑ McEvoy, Jemima (January 6, 2021). "DC Protests Live Coverage: Entire Capitol Now On Lockdown As Protesters Enter The Building". Forbes. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
- ↑ Lang, Brent; Littleton, Cynthia (January 6, 2021). "U.S. Capitol on Lockdown, Pro-Trump Protestors Breach Police Lines". Variety. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
- ↑ Jouvenal, Justin; Leonnig, Carol (January 8, 2021). "Ashli Babbitt was shot during chaotic moments in the Capitol". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 8, 2021. Retrieved January 8, 2021.
- ↑ "Over 50 people arrested, 14 officers injured and 4 deaths reported amid pro-Trump protests in DC". FOX5. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
- ↑ Palma, Bethania. "Did US Capitol Police Officer Brian Sicknick Die After Hit With a Fire Extinguisher?". Snopes. Archived from the original on 29 April 2021. Retrieved 7 November 2021.
- ↑ Trepany, Charles. "'This is domestic terrorism': Meghan McCain, Cardi B and more react to Capitol riot". USA TODAY.
- ↑ Corn, David. "Donald Trump is now a terrorist leader".
- ↑ Johnson, Martin (January 6, 2021). "Cori Bush introduces legislation to sanction, remove all House members who supported election challenges". TheHill.
- ↑ Jansen, Bart. "President-elect Joe Biden calls Capitol riot 'insurrection,' urges President Trump to 'end siege'". USA TODAY. Retrieved 2021-01-06.
- ↑ McLaughlin, Eliott C. (January 7, 2021). "Before Wednesday, insurgents waving Confederate flags hadn't been within 6 miles of the US Capitol". CNN. Archived from the original on January 8, 2021.
- ↑ Cramer, Maria (January 9, 2021). "Confederate Battle Flag in the Capitol: A 'Jarring' First in U.S. History". New York Times. Retrieved January 9, 2021.
- ↑ Zilbermints, Regina (January 6, 2021). "Trump tells rioters 'go home,' repeats claims that election 'fraudulent'". TheHill. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
- ↑ Durkee, Alison (January 6, 2021). "Trump Justifies Supporters Storming Capitol: 'These Are The Things And Events That Happen'". Forbes. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
- ↑ Gearan, Anne; Dawsey, Josh (January 7, 2021). "Trump issued a call to arms. Then he urged his followers 'to remember this day forever!'". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on January 7, 2021. Retrieved January 7, 2021.
- ↑ "Trump encourages his supporters to 'remember this day.'". The New York Times. January 6, 2021. ISSN 0362-4331. Archived from the original on January 6, 2021. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
- ↑ Safdar, Khadeeja; Ailworth, Erin; Seetharaman, Deepa (January 8, 2021). "Police Identify Five Dead After Capitol Riot". The Wall Street Journal.
- ↑ Conley-Kendzior, Lisa (January 7, 2021). "Capitol Police say reports of officer's death are wrong". The Hill.
- ↑ Limon, Alexandra. "Capitol Police were hit in the head with lead pipes". Nexstar – via WJW.
- ↑ "A Capitol Police Officer On Duty During The Coup Attempt Has Died By Suicide". Buzzfeed. January 11, 2021.
A US Capitol Police officer on duty during Wednesday's coup attempt by Trump supporters died by suicide on Saturday, his family has announced.
- ↑ Klein, Allison; Tan, Rebecca (January 11, 2021). "Capitol Police officer who was on duty during the riot has died by suicide, his family says". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 13, 2021.
- ↑ "Second officer from Capitol riot dies by suicide, police chief says". NBC News. Retrieved 2021-02-01.
- ↑ Novet, Jordan (January 6, 2021). "U.S. trade group asks VP Pence to 'seriously consider' invoking 25th Amendment to remove Trump". CNBC. Retrieved January 6, 2021.
- ↑ 48.0 48.1 Alan Feuer (March 8, 2022). "Texas Man Convicted in First Jan. 6 Trial". New York Times. Retrieved March 27, 2022.
- ↑ 49.0 49.1 https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-capitol-sentencing-idUSKBN2EP1RI
- ↑ https://www.vg.no/nyheter/utenriks/i/pW9Kzo/tre-aar-og-fem-maaneders-fengsel-for-capitol-stormingen. Retrieved 11 November 2021
- ↑ https://www.newsnetnebraska.org/jacob-chansley-better-known-as-jake-angeli-sentenced-to-3-years-and-5-months-in-prison-for-assaulting-the-united-states-congress/. Retrieved 23 November 2021
- ↑ https://apnews.com/article/joe-biden-capitol-siege-university-of-kentucky-b7a82e7205634d7f2e9767e1cfa10ccf?utm_source=Twitter&utm_medium=AP&utm_campaign=SocialFlow
- ↑ Allison Mollenkamp (March 22, 2022). "'Cowboys for Trump' leader is given a mixed verdict in his Jan. 6 Capitol riot trial". NPR. Retrieved March 27, 2022.
- ↑ Hsu, Spencer; Barrett, Devlin (March 8, 2022). "Longtime Proud Boys leader Enrique Tarrio charged with conspiracy in Jan. 6 attack on Capitol". Washington Post.