2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

major escalation of the Russo-Ukrainian War on 24 February 2022

On 24 February 2022, Russia invaded Ukraine. The event started after a long military crisis. Russia supported the Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic in the days before the invasion.

2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine
Part of the Russo-Ukrainian War
2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine.svg
Military situation as of 23:36, Tuesday, June 28, 2022 (UTC)
   Ukraine
   Ukrainian territories under russian control
Date24 February 2022 (2022-02-24) – present (4 months and 5 days)
Location
Status Ongoing (timeline of events)
Belligerents
 Ukraine
Commanders and leaders
Units involved
Equipment losses
    • Acc. to Ukraine:[8]
      3,853 vehicles and other military equipment
    • Acc. to ind. researchers (19 March):[9]
      1,500+ vehicles and other military equipment
Equipment losses
    • Acc. to Russia:
      4,311 vehicles and other military equipment[10]
    • Acc. to the United States (18 March):
      49 fighter aircraft lost[11]

There was also an increase of Russian Armed Forces in the Donbas region of eastern Ukraine on 21 February 2022. The invasion was condemned (strongly criticised) by many countries. In Russia, there were a lot of anti-war protests. Many of the protesters were arrested.[12][13]

Announcement of WarEdit

At about 06:00 Moscow time (UTC+3), Russian president Vladimir Putin announced a military operation in eastern Ukraine. Minutes later, missile strikes began at locations across the country, including in the capital Kyiv. The Ukrainian Border Service stated that its border posts with Russia and Belarus were attacked.[14][15]

InvasionEdit

Minutes after Putin's announcement, explosions were heard in Kyiv, Kharkiv, Odessa and the Donbas.[16] Ukrainian officials said that Russia landed troops in Odessa and Mariupol and launched cruise and ballistic missiles at airfields, military headquarters, and military depots in Kyiv, Kharkiv, and Dnipro.[17][18] It is the largest attack by one country against another in Europe since World War II.[19]

President Volodymyr Zelensky said that there would be martial law in Ukraine.[20] Later he ordered the Ukrainian Army to kill as many Russian invaders as possible.[21]

FebruaryEdit

Moments after the invasion on 24 February, the Ukraine government said that Russia captured Chernobyl and Pripyat.[22] After this, the American government said "credible reports that Russian soldiers are currently holding the staff of the Chernobyl facilities hostage."[23] At 22:00 (UTC+2), Russian forces captured Snake Island after a naval and air attack of the island.[24] The thirteen border guards on the island were thought to have been killed in the bombardment after refusing to surrender to a Russian warship. President Zelenskyy announced that the border guards would be posthumously granted the title of Hero of Ukraine, the country's highest honor.[25] However, it was found out later that the border guards were alive and captured by Russian forces.[26][27]

On 25 February, while Russian troops approached Kyiv, Zelenskyy asked residents to create Molotov cocktails to "neutralise" the enemy. Putin meanwhile called on the Ukrainian military to overthrow the government.[28][29] Ukraine gave 18,000 guns to Kyiv residents who wanted to fight.[30] Some Russian forces have entered northern Kyiv, but had not progressed beyond that.[31]

On 26 February, heavy fighting was reported to the south of Kyiv, near the city of Vasylkiv and its air base.[32] A Ukrainian Sukhoi Su-27 fighter had shot down a Russian Il-76 transport plane carrying paratroopers near Vasylkiv.[33] Hundreds of deaths were reported in Kyiv during this battle.[34] That same day, Russia claimed to have captured Melitopol, near the Sea of Azov.[35]

On 27 February, President Putin ordered Russia's nuclear deterrent forces to be on "special alert" because of "aggressive statements" by NATO.[36] That same day, President Zelenskyy announced that the Ukrainian and Russian officials had agreed to meet, without conditions.[37] That same day, a Russian airstrike killed over 70 Ukrainian soldiers at a military base in Okhtyrka.[38] The Russian offensive has been criticized for civilian deaths and the use of cluster bombs and thermobaric weapons which may be seen as war crimes.[39]

MarchEdit

On 1 March, Belarus joined the invasion, supporting Russia as its troops enter the Chernihiv region in Ukraine's north.[40] On the same day, there was at least one rocket attack on Kyiv; With AFP as a source, media wrote that "Russian strike stirs symbolism at Kyiv Holocaust site".[41] The next day, Russia claimed to have captured its first large city, the Black Sea port of Kherson, as fighting intensifies across many parts of Ukraine, including civilian areas.[42] That same day, the International Criminal Court began an investigation into possible war crimes committed in Ukraine.[43]

On 3 March, Ukraine passed a law that states captured Russian military equipment and tanks does not need to be declared and tax will not be applied on them.[44] The next day, Russian forces attacked and bombed the Zaphorizhzhia nuclear power plant. The main reactor was not hit and fallout did not occur.[45] That same day, foreign news outlets including the BBC, CNN, and many others stopped their reporting in Russia, after new legislation threatened 15-year jail terms for spreading "fake news".[46]

On 5 March, Russia announced a temporary ceasefire to allow civilians to leave the cities of Mariupol and Volnovakha.[47][48] The next day, Vinnytsia International Airport was destroyed by Russian missiles, as President Zelenskyy called for a no-fly zone to stop future attacks in Ukraine.[49]

On 7 March, Ukraine rejected a proposal by Moscow to open refugee passages after Russia said refugees would only be allowed to reach Belarus or Russia.[50]

Putin had denied on February 7, that Russian conscripts were used in the invasion, because Russian law does not allow the use of conscripts in battle outside Russia.[51] Russian media later admitted they had been used.

On 13 March, 30 Russian missiles hit the Yavoriv military base, used for NATO training and close to the border with Poland, killing 35 and injuring 134 others.[52]

On 24 March, NATO announced that four new battlegroups totalling 40,000 troops will be sent to Bulgaria, Hungary, Romania and Slovakia, along with enhanced readiness for potential chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear threats.[53][54]

On 29 March, Russia's deputy defense minister said that Moscow decided to "cut back" military activity near Kyiv and Chernihiv to increase mutual trust for future negotiations to agree and sign a peace deal with Ukraine".[55][56]

AprilEdit

On 2 April, Russia said that the country would not work with Western countries on the International Space Station until the "full and unconditional removal of illegal sanctions".[57] The next day, Ukraine accused Russia and Putin of war crimes because of civilian killings such as the Bucha massacre.[58][59] U.S. President Joe Biden called for Putin to be tried for war crimes.[60][61] On April 7, Russia was suspended from the United Nations Council on Human Rights. This followed a vote which was backed by 97 nations. [62]

On 8 April, Russia attacked the Kramatorsk train station with missiles, which killed many civilians trying to evacuate, including children.[63][64] On 13 April, the Russian flagship cruiser Moskva, the largest naval vessel to be sunk since the end of World War II, sank after an explosion off of the Ukrainian coast.[65]

On 19 April, Russian Foreign Minister Sergey Lavrov announced that Russia's military operation had entered a new phase, focused on the entire front line of Eastern Ukraine with the city of Kreminna reportedly the first to be captured.[66][67]

MayEdit

On 2 May, Russia announced it may be pulling out of the International Space Station in two years, because of the economic sanctions imposed on the nation because of the invasion.[68] On 14 May, Russian forces withdraw from Ukraine's second-largest city Kharkiv, in the north-east of the country.[69][70]

On 16 May, the Siege of Mariupol ended in a Russian victory as Ukrainian troops are evacuated from Mariupol.[71][72]

JuneEdit

The Battle of Sievierodonetsk is going on, as of June's first week.

On 27 June, the Russian Armed Forces fired missiles at a mall in Kremenchuk, Ukraine, which killed sixteen people and injured over 50 others.[73]

Worldwide reactionsEdit

U.S. President Joe Biden said there would be sanctions on banks VEB.RF and Promsvyazbank.[74]

On 24 February, the Prime Minister of Australia Scott Morrison said there would be travel bans. There would also be financial sanctions against eight members of Russia's national security council.[75]

The United Kingdom, United Nations, France, Germany, Spain, Japan, Sweden, Turkey, Norway, Canada, and Italy have also disagreed with the invasion.[76]

On 24 February 2022, President of the European Commission Ursula von der Leyen said the group has allowed "massive" actions that would target technological transfers, Russian banks and Russian assets.[77] That same day, President Putin said Western countries that take part in the actions "will face consequences".[78][79]

On 26 February, the European Union, the United States and their allies say that they support in removing Russian banks from the SWIFT payment system.[80][81] The next day, many European nations announced a ban on Russian flights in their airspace.[82][83]

On 28 February, Switzerland, Monaco, Singapore, and South Korea put in place economic sanctions on Russia such as controlling exports and assets.[84][85] These countries were once seen as neutral during global conflicts.[86]

Tugan Sokhiev, the musical director and conductor of the Bolshoi Theatre [quit his job, or] did resign because he [wanted to stay neutral] or not take side in the conflict.[87]

In response to the invasion, on 15 May President of Finland Sauli Niinistö says Finland would apply for membership in NATO.[88] The following day, Sweden confirms it will apply to join NATO, after years of supporting being neutral.[89]

Chinese authorities are stopping "Russian Boeing and Airbus aircraft, which foreign leasing companies own, from flying through or landing in its airspace"; That policy started in May.[90]

C. 15[91] military recruitment offices in Russia, have been set on fire;[92] Many[91] of the 15 fires were a result of use of Molotov cocktails.

SanctionsEdit

The EU has put sanctions on Putin and the Russian foreign minister, as of March 3.[93]

AIIB is stopping loans to Russia and Belarus, media said on March 4.[94]

EU countries have closed their airspace for Russian aircraft; On June 6, Montenegro and North Macedonia closed their airspace for the plane that was supposed to fly - Russia's foreign minister - to Serbia.[95]

Other protestsEdit

Pro-Ukrainian protests have happened in many Ukrainian and Russian embassies. There have been many protests in Armenia,[96] Australia,[97] Bulgaria,[98] Belgium,[99] Canada,[100] Georgia,[101] Germany,[102] Hungary,[103] Iceland,[104] Ireland,[105] Japan,[106] Kazakhstan,[107] Moldova,[108] the Netherlands,[109] Portugal,[110] Romania,[111] Slovakia,[112] Sweden,[113] Taiwan,[114] Turkey,[115] the UK,[116] and the US.[117] In the Czech Republic, some 3,000 people protested in the Wenceslas Square in Prague.[118][119]

On March 14, a woman held a sign with an anti-war message on the set of a news program on Channel One Russia during prime time;[120] The sign said: "NO WAR. Stop the war. Do not believe propaganda they tell you lies here"; The sign also said "Russians against war".[121] Marina Ovsyannikova was arrested by police.[120] She got a fine the next day, and was then free to go from jail.

BusinessesEdit

On March 3, Lukoil's board of directors said that it supported a stop (right now) to the armed conflict.[122] On 8 March, international brands (or global brands) including McDonald's,[123] Coca-Cola[124] and Starbucks[125] stopped sales in Russia, in response to its attacks on Ukraine.[126]

The production of Lada cars has been stopped; The suspension of production, was announced by media on March 10.[127]

On 16 May, McDonald's announces that it will permanently shut down its fast food operations in Russia due to the "humanitarian crisis" and "unpredictable operating environment" caused by the invasion.[128]

Adding soldiers to the Ukrainian forcesEdit

About foreign soldiers maybe getting Ukrainian citizenship if they fight for the International Legion: Yevhen Yenin (First Deputy Minister of Internal Affairs) has said that the laws of Ukraine allow (or give permission) for that; The press agency Ukrinform said that [in March].[129]

On 7 March, the Ukrainian Armed Forces published the first picture of International Legion soldiers; The picture showed some of those soldiers in a trench on the outskirts of Kyiv.[130][131]

As of March, foreigners are given military training at Yavoriv military base.[132]

Supplying weapons and other military equipmentEdit

The United States and European countries are taking supplies to an airport near the Ukraine border - but on the outside of Ukraine;[133][134] Things that are being supplied are anti-tank rockets, Stinger rockets (can be used against aircraft), armoured vehicles, automatic weapons, ammunition, MREs (food for soldiers, and the food does not need [more] cooking before eating), and fuel.[134] It does not take a long time for the rockets to be moved into Ukraine, media said.[134]

Norway

A transport plane flew (March 3) out of Norway with M72 anti-tank weapons - 2,000 of those rocket launchers;[135] Each weighs either 2 kg or 3 kg.

War crimesEdit

The International Criminal Court has started an investigation into crimes against humanity in Ukraine since 2013, as well as war crimes in the 2022 invasion.[136]

The Ukrainian court system has held trials regarding war crimes:

  • The first war crimes trial was held in May 2022, regarding a Russian soldier who was ordered [or told] to shoot a civilian;[137] He said that he is guilty; His punishment is a lifetime prison sentence;[138] His case is under appeal (as of 2022's second quarter).[139]
  • Two Russian soldiers were found guilty for having fired rockets at 2 towns; 11 years and 6 months in prison, is the punishment.[140]

[141][142]

WeaponsEdit

Ukraine has

Ukraine is using

Russia is using

 
TOS-1A rocket launchers on the ground and two rockets in the air (Picture from 2011)

Russia has

StrengthEdit

  •   Ukraine:
    • 209,000 (armed forces)
    • 102,000 (paramilitary)
    • 20,000 foreign volunteers[156]

As of 21 May, Ukraine authorities says it has 700,000 servicemembers on active duty fighting the Russian invasion.[160]

Reserves (or soldiers not on active duty):

  • Ukraine:
    • 900,000 according to media in 2021[159]

Casualties and injuriesEdit

  •   Russia:
  • Acc. to Russia (25 March):
    1,351 soldiers killed, 3,825 wounded[161]
  • Acc. to NATO (23 March):
    30,000–40,000 soldiers killed, wounded, missing or captured (7,000–15,000 killed)[162]
  • Acc. to the United States (25 March):
    15,000–22,500 soldiers killed and wounded[163][164]
  •   Donetsk PR:
  • Acc. to the Donetsk PR (17 March):
    349 soldiers killed, 1,930 wounded[165]
  •   Ukraine:
  • Acc. to Ukraine (12 March):
    1,300 soldiers killed[166]
  • Acc. to the United States (9 March):
    2,000–4,000 soldiers killed[167]

No injured Ukrainian soldiers had yet been taken into Norway (as of May 31); On May 31, the (Norwegian) minister of justice was ordered (or told) to come to parliament, later that day to answer questions about that.[168] That evening, the justice minister said that Norway will let injured Ukrainian soldiers come to Norway, but Norwegian authorities has not said when that will happen; Those soldiers will be part of a total of 550 injured Ukrainian civilians and soldiers.[169]

CiviliansEdit

  • Acc. to Ukraine (partial figures; 25 March):
    3,909–4,275+ civilians killed[170]
  • Acc. to the UN (25 March):
    1,104 civilian deaths and 1,754 wounded confirmed (real figures estimated to be considerably higher)[171]

RefugeesEdit

Before the invasion, the Ukrainian Defense Minister said in December 2021 that an invasion could possible force between three and five million people to flee their homes.[174]

The President of Moldova, Maia Sandu, said over 4,000 Ukrainian citizens had crossed into Moldova since the invasion started.[175] Poland is getting ready to see a large number of refugees to enter the country.[176] To make border crossings easier, Poland lifted COVID-19 entry rules.[177] Ukrainian refugees started crossing into Romania as well. Most of them entered through Siret in Suceava County.[178] Romania said refugees did not need to quarantine or follow COVID rules.[179]

[180][181]

Related pagesEdit

NotesEdit

  1. 1.0 1.1 The Donetsk People's Republic and the Luhansk People's Republic are separatist states that declared their independence in May 2014. They have received recognition from each other, from the de facto state of South Ossetia, and from Russia (since 2022).[1][2]
  2. Russian forces were permitted to stage part of the invasion from Belarusian territory.[3][4] Belarusian president Alexander Lukashenko also stated that Belarusian troops could take part in the invasion if needed,[5] and Belarusian territory was used to launch missiles into Ukraine.[6] Ukrainian officials have claimed that Belarusian troops have entered Ukraine.[7] See also: Belarusian involvement in the 2022 Russian invasion of Ukraine

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