Abigail Adams

First Lady of the United States from 1797 to 1801

Abigail Smith Adams (November 11, 1744 – October 28, 1818) was the wife of John Adams, the second President of the United States. She was also the mother of John Quincy Adams, the sixth president. Later on, people started to address the wife of the president as the First Lady. So, she became the second First Lady of the United States.[1] She was born in Weymouth, Massachusetts. She belonged to a famous family of Massachusetts (the Quincy Family).

Abigail Smith Adams
Abigail Adams by Benjamin Blythe, 1766
First Lady of the United States
In role
March 14, 1797 – March 14, 1801
PresidentJohn Adams
Preceded byMartha Washington
Succeeded byMartha Jefferson Randolph
Second Lady of the United States
In role
May 16, 1789 – March 4, 1797
Preceded byNone
Succeeded byMartha Jefferson Randolph
Personal details
Born(1744-11-11)November 11, 1744
Weymouth, Province of Massachusetts Bay
DiedOctober 28, 1818(1818-10-28) (aged 73)
Quincy, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
Spouse(s)John Adams
RelationsWilliam and Elizabeth Quincy Smith
ChildrenAbigail "Nabby", John Quincy, Susanna, Charles, Thomas,(stillborn)
OccupationFirst Lady of the United States, Second Lady of the United States

In 1801, the couple retired and lived in Quincy. Abigail died in 1818, at age 74 of typhoid fever.

Early life change

Abigail Adams advocated for an equal education in public schools for boys and girls. In her earliest years, she was often in poor health. She spent most of her time reading. In addition to that, she corresponded to family and friends before getting married.[2]

Adams did not get any formal education in any school or college. Her father had a big library, so she studied many books and became smart that way. She married John Adams in 1764. In the next ten years, she had five children (a sixth was stillborn). One of her children was John Quincy Adams, the sixth President of the United States.

Political involvement change

Adams was a vital confidant and adviser to her husband John Adams. She opposed slavery and supported women's rights. In 1776, her husband participated in the First Continental Congress in Philadelphia. There, Adams wrote her most famous letter to the Founding Fathers "remember the ladies."[3]

In 1784, Adams joined at her husband at his diplomatic post in Paris. She became interested in the manners of the French. After 1785, she filled the difficult role of wife of the First US Minister to Great Britain. She did so with dignity.[4]

Abigail Adams (1744-1818). From: Evert A. Duyckinick: Portrait Gallery of Eminent Men and Women in Europe and America. New York, 1873.

References change

  1. "Abigail Adams | Biography & Facts". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 2019-04-18.
  2. "Abigail Adams Biography :: National First Ladies' Library". www.firstladies.org. Archived from the original on 2019-05-31. Retrieved 2019-05-13.
  3. Michals. "Abigail Adams".
  4. Black. "The First Ladies of the United States of America".

Other websites change

  Media related to Abigail Adams at Wikimedia Commons   Quotations related to Abigail Adams at Wikiquote