Alexander Lukashenko

President of Belarus since 1994

Alexander Grigoryevich Lukashenko (born 30 August 1954) is the President of the country of Belarus. He has been its leader since 1994. He was the first leader of the country to be chosen by Belarus citizens.

Alexander Lukashenko
Александр Лукашенко
Аляксандр Лукашэнка
Alexander Lukashenko 2022 (cropped).jpg
Lukashenko in 2022
President of Belarus
Assumed office
20 July 1994
Disputed since 23 September 2020[1]
Prime Minister
Preceded byMyechyslaw Hryb
(as head of state and Chairman of the Supreme Council)
Chairman of the Supreme State Council
of the Union State
Assumed office
26 January 2000
Chairman of the Council of Ministers
General Secretary
Preceded byOffice established
Member of the Supreme Council of Belarus
In office
25 August 1991 – 20 July 1994
Preceded byOffice established
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Personal details
Born
Alexander Grigoryevich Lukashenko

(1954-08-31) 31 August 1954 (age 68)
Kopys, Byelorussian SSR, Soviet Union
Political partyIndependent (1992–present)
Other political
affiliations
Spouse(s)
Children
MotherEkaterina Trofimovna Lukashenko
OccupationPolitician
ProfessionEconomist and Collective Farmer[2]
Signature
Websitepresident.gov.by/en/
Military service
Allegiance
Branch/service
Years of service
  • 1975–1977
  • 1980–1982
  • 1994–present
RankCommander-in-Chief
Lieutenant Colonel[3]
Alexander Lukashenko, 2007

Before becoming the leader, he belonged to the law making section of the government. He was also in the military of the Soviet Union and ran a factory that made things to help farming.

He has been called "Europe's last dictator".[4][5]

His re-election in 2020 was seen as controversial with many saying it was rigged and unfair. His re-election caused many to protest against the election results.[6] After the contested election, the European Union, the United Kingdom, Canada, Ukraine and the United States do not recognize him as the legitimate president of Belarus.[7][8][9]

In July 2020, he said that he had COVID-19 after telling people that to avoid the disease they should drink vodka and go to a sauna.[10]

Alexander Lukashenko is under the sanctions of the United States,[11] the European Union,[12] the United Kingdom,[13] Switzerland[14] and Canada,[15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Exiled leader calls weekend of protests in Belarus". BBC News. 14 August 2020. Archived from the original on 22 August 2020. Retrieved 15 August 2020.
    "Golos platform presents the final report on the presidential election". Voiceofbelarus.com. 20 August 2020. Archived from the original on 26 November 2020. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
    "EU rejects Lukashenko inauguration as illegitimate". Dw.com. 24 September 2020. Archived from the original on 7 December 2020. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
    Ljunggren, Josh Smith (29 September 2020). "Britain and Canada impose sanctions on Belarus leader Lukashenko". Reuters. Archived from the original on 11 April 2021. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
    "OSCE Report on the Presidential Elections 2020 in Belarus" (PDF). Osce.org. 29 October 2020. Archived (PDF) from the original on 4 December 2020. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
    "Belarus protesters battered, bruised but defiant after 100 days". BBC News. 17 November 2020. Archived from the original on 28 November 2020. Retrieved 13 December 2020.
  2. Mirovalev, Mansur (November 25, 2021). "Europe's 'last dictator': Who is Belarus's Alexander Lukashenko?". Aljazeera.
  3. "Lukashenko reveals his military rank". belarus.by. Archived from the original on 13 August 2020. Retrieved 22 February 2019.
  4. "Europe's last dictator: The rise and (possible) fall of Alexander Lukashenko". The Atlantic Council. 10 August 2020.
  5. "Europe's 'Last Dictator,' Facing Re-Election, Is Increasingly in Peril". The New York Times. 7 August 2020.
  6. "Менск: да «Рыгі» дабраліся сілавікі, пачалася зачыстка, чуваць шумавыя гранаты, будуюцца барыкады". Радыё Свабода (in Belarusian).
  7. "El Pais interview with HR/VP Borrell: "Lukashenko is like Maduro. We do not recognize him but we must deal with him"". eeas.europa.eu. 24 August 2020.
  8. Dave Lawler, U.S. no longer recognizes Lukashenko as legitimate president of Belarus, Axios (24 September 2020).
  9. "Які країни не визнали інавгурацію Лукашенка. Список". BBC News Україна (in Ukrainian). Retrieved 2021-01-11.
  10. Europe's last dictator got COVID-19 after telling people they could avoid it by drinking vodka and going to the sauna
  11. Sanctions List Search
  12. COUNCIL IMPLEMENTING REGULATION (EU) 2020/1648 of 6 November 2020 implementing Article 8a(1) of Regulation (EC) No 765/2006 concerning restrictive measures in respect of Belarus
  13. "Consolidated List of Financial Sanctions Targets in the UK" (PDF). Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 2021-09-08.
  14. Searching for subjects of sanctions
  15. "Backgrounder: Belarus sanctions". Global Affairs Canada. 2020-09-29. Retrieved 2021-09-13.