Alfred Nobel (pronunciation (help·info)) (October 21, 1833 – December 10, 1896) was a Swedish scientist, engineer, and weapons manufacturer. He is well known for the invention of dynamite and for creating the Nobel Prize.
He left instructions in his will that his money should create the Nobel Prize after reading an article in a French newspaper that called him the "merchant of death" and said that he would be remembered for his invention of dynamite and its ability to kill more people than ever before. Nobel left 31 million kronor (the Swedish currency) to the awards after his death on December 10, 1896. The artificial element Nobelium is named for him.
Nobel was born on October 21, 1833. His father, Immanuel Nobel, was an engineer and inventor. His mother was Andriette Ahlsell Nobel. In 1833, Immanuel Nobel was forced into bankruptcy due to losses in his construction company.:9
- "Alfred Nobel's Life and Work – for Gradeschoolers". Nobel Committee. Retrieved October 10, 2011.
- Agarwal, Arun (2008). Nobel Prize Winners in Physics. APH Publishing.
- Alfred Nobel - Citizendium