4th Rashidun Caliph (r. 656–661) and first Shia Imam
(Redirected from Ali ibn Abi Talib)

Ali bin Abi Talib (‘Alī bin Abī Tālib) (علي بن أﺑﻲ طالب) (Approximately March 17, 599- January 28, 661)[1] was an early Islamic leader. He was the fourth Sunni caliph and the first Shia Imam.

Islamic Empire During The Reign
Commander of the Faithful
(Amir al-Mu'minin)
Full NameAlī ibn Abī Ṭālib
(علي بن أبي طالب)
Born(598-10-23)October 23, 598
(599-03-17)March 17, 599
(600-03-17)March 17, 600
DiedJanuary 28, 661(661-01-28) (aged 62)
Place of BurialImam Ali Mosque, Najaf, Iraq
FatherAbu Talib ibn ‘Abd al-Muttalib
MotherFatima bint Asad
Brother(s)Ja`far ibn Abī Tālib
Aqeel ibn Abi Talib
• Talib ibn Abu Talib
Sister(s)Fakhitah bint Abi Talib
Jumanah bint Abi Talib
Umamah bint Zainab
Umm ul-Banin
• Leila bint Masoud
Khawlah bint Ja'far
• Al Sahba'bint Rabi'ah
Son(s)Muhsin ibn Ali
Hasan ibn Ali
Husayn ibn Ali
Hilal ibn Ali
Al-Abbas ibn Ali
Abdullah ibn Ali
Jafar ibn Ali
Uthman ibn Ali
• Ubaid Allah bin Ali
• Abi Bakr bin Ali
Muhammad ibn al-Hanafiyyah
• Umar bin Ali
Daughter(s)Zaynab bint Ali
Umm Kulthum bint Ali
Other TitlesAbu Al-Hasan
("Father of Hasan")
Abu Turab
("Father of Dust/Soil)
("One Who Is Chosen and Contented")
("Lion of God")
First Alī

Ali was Muhammad's cousin. He married Muhammad's daughter, Fatimah, so Ali became Muhammad's son-in-law. He was one of the earliest Muslims.

Since Ali stated that his body should remain a secret, his followers tied his body on a white camel, and went towards northern Afghanistan.[2] Before being assassinated, Ali had reportedly given instructions to bury his body at the spot where the camel would die. At Balkh, the white camel died and Ali was buried secretly. In the 15th century, Abd al-Ghafur Lari is believed to discover Ali's tomb.[3]

  • Johnson, Thomas (2021). Historical Dictionary of Afghanistan. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9781538149294.
  • Azad, Arezou (2013). Sacred Landscape in Medieval Afghanistan: Revisiting the Faḍāʾil-i Balkh. OUP Oxford. ISBN 9780199687053.

Other websites


Sunni biography


Shi'a biography



  1. "Shaheed Foundation". Archived from the original on 2007-07-05. Retrieved 2007-07-17.
  2. Johnson 2021, p. 327.
  3. Azad 2013, p. 110.