An Shigao

Second century Buddhist missionary to China

An Shigao (Chinese: 安世高; pinyin: Ān Shìgāo) lived from 148-180 CE.[1] He was a Buddhist. And he helped translate Indian Buddhist texts into Chinese. According to legend, he was a prince of Parthia (modern Iran). He gave up being a prince to become a Buddhist missionary monk in China.[2]


  1. Robert E. Buswell Jr. and Donald S. Lopez Jr., ed. (2014). "An Shigao". The Princeton Dictionary of Buddhism. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. p. 49. ISBN 9780691157863.
  2. Zürcher, Erik. 2007 (1959). The Buddhist Conquest of China: The Spread and Adaptation of Buddhism in Early Medieval China. 3rd ed. Leiden: Brill. pp. 32-4