Anglophone Cameroonian

Cameroonians from the English-speaking regions of Cameroon

Anglophone Cameroonians (Camerounais anglophones in French) are Cameroonians who come from the English-speaking regions of Cameroon (Northwest and Southwest regions). These regions were formerly known as the British Southern Cameroons, which were part of the League of Nations mandate and United Nations Trust Territories. An Anglophone Cameroonian is generally considered to be anyone who has lived in the Northwest and Southwest regions of Cameroon, has been given an Anglo-Saxon education and practices the Anglo-Saxon educational and legal system.

Anglophone Cameroonian
Camerounais anglophone, Camerounaise anglophone
Langues du Cameroun Carte.png
Map of French (blue) and English (red) as official regional languages of Cameroon and adjacent countries. The proportion of Anglophone Cameroonians is currently at around 16%, down from 21% in 1976.
Total population
3 521 989 in Cameroon
Languages
English, Cameroonian Pidgin English, Grassfields languages, Oroko language, Manenguba languages, Kenyang language
Religion
Christianity

The two English-speaking regions of Cameroon represent for 17% of a population of 17 million (2005)

Political representationEdit

The Social Democratic Front, the largest opposition political party in Cameroon's parliament, is led by an Anglophone. Separatist movements, including the Southern Cameroons National Council (SCNC) and the Southern Cameroons Peoples Organization (SCAPO), call for the secession of the two English-speaking regions from French-speaking Cameroon in response to the dissolution in May 1972 of the federation formed in 1961 and the resulting marginalization of the English-speaking minority by the French-speaking majority and its political leaders. As of March 2017, only one of the 36 government ministers who control ministerial budgets is Anglophone.

2016–2017 protests and government responseEdit

In November 2016, after a law was not translated, Anglophone lawyers began a protest in Bamenda against the central government for failing to uphold the constitutional guarantee of a bilingual nation. They were joined by teachers, protesting central government appointees with lackluster English skills, and ordinary citizens. In December, security forces dispersed protests and at least two protesters were killed and others injured.

Protesters have also been accused of violence, however, the government's heavy-handed crackdown has revived calls for the restoration of Southern Cameroons' independence gained on the 1st of October 1961 Various protesters were arrested, including Nkongho Felix Agbor-Balla, the president of the Cameroon Anglophone Civil Society Consortium, and Fontem Neba, the group's secretary general. The Cameroon Anglophone Civil Society Consortium was declared illegal by the government on 17 January 2017 and "any other related groups with similar objectives" were prohibited."Amnesty International has called for the release of Agbor-Balla and Neba.

The central government shut down the internet in the Anglophone regions in mid January and was restored in April 2017, following a request for restoration by the United Nations.[4] The NGO Internet Without Borders estimated that the blackout cost the Cameroonian economy almost €3 million (US$3.2 million).

Famous Anglophone CamerooniansEdit

Related pagesEdit