Angolan War of Independence
The Angolan War of Independence was from 1961 to 1975. Angola fought against Portugal. Portugal was making people in Angola farm cotton. Three different groups in Angola were against Portugal. Agostinho Neto was the leader of the war. Portugal was winning the war when the country's government became democratic. An agreement was signed to let Angola become independent.
|Angolan War of Independence|
|Part of The Portuguese Colonial Wars|
Portuguese troops on patrol in Angola
National Liberation Front of Angola (FNLA)|
National Union for the Total Independence of Angola (UNITA)
Popular Movement for the Liberation of Angola (MPLA)
Front for the Liberation of the Enclave of Cabinda (FLEC)
Estado Novo (Portugal)|
|Commanders and leaders|
Silvino Silvério Marques
Camilo Augusto de Miranda Rebocho Vaz
Fernando Augusto Santos e Castro
|Casualties and losses|
2,991 killed (1,526 KIA & 1,465 non-combat related) |
4,684 with permanent deficiency (physical or psychological)
About three thousand people died because of the war.
- Crocker, Chester A.; Fen Osler Hampson, and Pamela R. Aall (2005). Grasping The Nettle: Analyzing Cases of Intractable Conflict. p. 213.
- Portugal Angola
- The Decolonization of Portuguese Africa: Metropolitan Revolution and the Dissolution of Empire by Norrie MacQueen - Mozambique since Independence: Confronting Leviathan by Margaret Hall, Tom Young - Author of Review: Stuart A. Notholt African Affairs, Vol. 97, No. 387 (Apr., 1998), pp. 276-278, JSTOR