Apollo 7 was a mission in the NASA's Apollo program. It was the first manned mission in the Apollo program and the first manned US space flight after Apollo 1 disaster. The mission was a C type mission. Apollo 7 was launched on October 11, 1968 and stayed in space for 10 days, 20 hours, 9 minutes and three seconds.:76 It orbited the Earth. Apollo 7 was the first manned launch of the Saturn IB launch vehicle and the first three-person US space mission. The crew were Commander Walter M. Schirra, with Command Module Pilot Donn Eisele and Lunar Module Pilot R. Walter Cunningham. The mission was designed to test the re-made Block II Apollo Command/Service Module. The crew orbited in Earth orbit so that they could check life-support, propulsion and control systems. The mission was a success. It gave NASA the confidence to launch Apollo 8 later.
The crew of Apollo 7 transmitted the first live television broadcast aboard an American manned spacecraft.
|Mission type||Manned CSM test flight|
|Mission duration||10 days, 20 hours, 9 minutes, 3 seconds|
|Manufacturer||North American Rockwell|
|Launch mass||36,419 pounds (16,519 kg)|
|Landing mass||11,409 pounds (5,175 kg)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||October 11, 1968, 15:02:45UTC|
|Rocket||Saturn IB SA-205|
|Launch site||Cape Kennedy LC-34|
|End of mission|
|Recovered by||USS Essex|
|Landing date||October 22, 1968, 11:11:48UTC|
|Landing site||North Atlantic Ocean|
|Regime||Low Earth orbit|
|Perigee||227 kilometers (123 nmi)|
|Apogee||301 kilometers (163 nmi)|
|Epoch||October 13, 1968|
Left to right: Eisele, Schirra, Cunningham
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