Apollo 7

first crewed flight of the United States Apollo program

Apollo 7 was a mission in the NASA's Apollo program. It was the first crewed mission in the Apollo program and the first crewed US space flight after Apollo 1 disaster. The mission was a C type mission. Apollo 7 was launched on October 11, 1968 and stayed in space for 10 days, 20 hours, 9 minutes and three seconds.[4]: 76  It orbited the Earth. Apollo 7 was the first crewed launch of the Saturn IB launch vehicle and the first three-person US space mission. The crew were Commander Walter M. Schirra, with Command Module Pilot Donn Eisele and Lunar Module Pilot R. Walter Cunningham. The mission was designed to test the re-made Block II Apollo Command/Service Module. The crew orbited in Earth orbit so that they could check life-support, propulsion and control systems. The mission was a success. It gave NASA the confidence to launch Apollo 8 later.

Apollo 7
The crew of Apollo 7 transmitted the first live television broadcast aboard an American crewed spacecraft.
Mission typeCrewed CSM test flight
COSPAR ID1968-089A
SATCAT no.3486
Mission duration10 days, 20 hours, 9 minutes, 3 seconds
Orbits completed163
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftApollo CSM-101
ManufacturerNorth American Rockwell
Launch mass36,419 pounds (16,519 kg)[2]
Landing mass11,409 pounds (5,175 kg)
Crew size3
CallsignApollo 7
Start of mission
Launch dateOctober 11, 1968, 15:02:45 (1968-10-11UTC15:02:45Z) UTC
RocketSaturn IB SA-205
Launch siteCape Kennedy LC-34
End of mission
Recovered byUSS Essex
Landing dateOctober 22, 1968, 11:11:48 (1968-10-22UTC11:11:49Z) UTC
Landing siteNorth Atlantic Ocean
27°32′N 64°04′W / 27.533°N 64.067°W / 27.533; -64.067 (Apollo 7 splashdown)
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth orbit
Perigee227 kilometers (123 nmi)
Apogee301 kilometers (163 nmi)
Inclination31.6 degrees
Period89.79 minutes
EpochOctober 13, 1968[3]

Left to right: Eisele, Schirra, Cunningham 

References change

  1. Orloff, Richard W. (September 2004) [First published 2000]. "Table of Contents". Apollo by the Numbers: A Statistical Reference. NASA History Series. Washington, D.C.: NASA. ISBN 0-16-050631-X. LCCN 00061677. NASA SP-2000-4029. Archived from the original on August 23, 2007. Retrieved July 6, 2013. {{cite book}}: |work= ignored (help)
  2. "Apollo 7 Mission Report" (PDF). Washington, D.C.: NASA. December 1, 1968. p. A-47.
  3. McDowell, Jonathan. "SATCAT". Jonathan's Space Pages. Retrieved March 23, 2014.
  4. Furniss, Tim (2001). The History of Space Vehicles. London: Grange Books. ISBN 1-84013-370-8.

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