Arabian Sea

marginal sea of the northern Indian Ocean

The Arabian Sea is the northwest part of the Indian ocean. To its west are the Guardafui Channel, Somali Sea and Arabian peninsula. To its east is the Indian peninsula. It covers around 4,600,000 kilometres (2,900,000 mi). The Arabian Sea one of the warmest seas.

Arabian Sea
Coordinates14°N 65°E / 14°N 65°E / 14; 65
Native name[Darya] Error: {{Native name}}: missing language tag (help)  (language?)
Part ofIndian Ocean
Basin countries India,  Iran,  Maldives,  Oman,  Pakistan,  Yemen,  Seychelles
Max. width2,400 km (1,500 mi)
Surface area3,862,000 km2 (1,491,000 sq mi) (3,600,000 to 4,600,000 km2 in various sources)
Max. depth4,652 m (15,262 ft)
IslandsAstola island, Basavaraja Durga Island, Lakshadweep, Masirah Island, Piram Island, Pirotan, Socotra
Map of the Arabian Sea.
Pakistani people bathing in the Arabian Sea



The International Hydrographic Organization defines the limits of the Arabian Sea as follows:[1]

Border and Basin countries


The countries into which the Arabian Sea drains include:[2][3]

  1.   India - 2,500 Km Coastline
  2.   Pakistan - 1,050 Km Coastline
  3.   Iran
  4.   Maldives
  5.   Oman
  6.   Yemen
  7.   Seychelles

Other names


Other names for the sea include:

  1. Indian Sea[4]
  2. Sindhu Sagar[4]
  3. Fars Darya
  4. Erythraean Sea[5]
  5. Sindh Sea [6]
  6. Green Sea[5]
  7. Mare di Persia
  8. Persian Sea[5]

The Arabian Sea, historically and geographically, has been referred to by different names by Turks, Persians, Arabs, and scholars of Geography and cartography in medieval Islam, European geographers and travelers, including the Ministry of Iran.[7]

In Indian folklore, it is referred to as Darya, Sindhu Sagar, and Arab Samudra.[4][5][8]

Arab sailors and nomads used to call this sea by different names, including the green sea, Bahre Fars, the ocean sea, the Hindu sea, the Makran Sea, the sea of Oman, among them the Zakariya al-Qazwini, Al-Masudi , Ibn Hawqal and (Hafiz-i Abru) They wrote: “The green sea and Indian sea and Persian sea are all one sea and in this sea there are strange creatures.[7] Ibn Khordadbeh, Ibn Sa'id al-Maghribi, Muhammad al-Idrisi, Istakhri, Mahmud al-Kashgari, Khashkhash Ibn Saeed Ibn Aswad, and Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi had mentioned the sea as Persian sea and Bahr e Fars. [9]

Some medieval maps, including the map by Vincenzo Maria, Coronelli, 1693 had mentioned the Persian sea and also Macran. Cornelius Le Brun's Year 1718 Map. On this map, the name of the Oman Sea is recorded as "Gulf of Hormuz". Map of Iran in the 16th century by Abraham Ortelius in which the name of the Persian Sea and the Indian Sea appear.[10] Iran, had in the past, been called persian sea, but now like Turkey, it is called Oman sea together with the gulf of Oman Encyclopædia Iranica also call it Oman sea.[11][12]

Maps with historical names


Many atlases had published old maps of Asia and Indian ocean such as Atlas of The Arabian Peninsula in Old European Maps.Paris, 424pp. contains 253 maps.10 maps have used persian Sea (for the body of water which is now called Arabian sea)the maps in pages: -141-226-323-322-331-345-347-363-355•[13] such as the hours shape map of Bunting H.S.Q34/24CM Hanover,1620.[7][14]



  1. "Limits of Oceans and Seas, 3rd edition" (PDF). International Hydrographic Organization. 1953. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 December 2017. Retrieved 7 February 2010.
  2. "Iran - The World Factbook". Central Intelligence Agency. 21 July 2021. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  3. "Introduction to Pakistan: Section 5: Coastline". 2004. Archived from the original on 26 June 2020. Retrieved 5 August 2021.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 "Kamat's Potpourri: The Arabian Sea".
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "The Voyage around the Erythraean Seain para No 34-35".
  6. "A book and atlas".
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Ministry of MoFA Iran: Introducing a Book and Atlas".
  8. "List of some early maps which had mentioned the Perian Gulf". Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 3 April 2012.
  9. Ajam, Muḥammad (2010). "Documents on the Persian Gulf's name". Documents on the Persian Gulf's name (PGSC). Archived from the original on 12 November 2020. Retrieved 16 June 2021.
  11. Foundation, Encyclopaedia Iranica. "Welcome to Encyclopaedia Iranica: Arabian Sea".
  12. Foundation, Encyclopaedia Iranica. "Welcome to Encyclopaedia Iranica: Sea of Oman".
  13. The Arabian Peninsula In Old European Maps La Peninsule Arabique dans les cartes europeenes Anciennes: Khaled Al Ankary: Books
  14. File:Documents on the Persian Gulf's name

  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Arabian Sea". Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.

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