Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria
Franz Ferdinand Karl Ludwig Josef of Austria, Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria-Este (Franz Ferdinand Karl Ludwig Josef; German: Erzherzog von Österreich-Este) (18 December 1863 – 28 June 1914) was an Archduke (like a prince) of Austria and, from 1896 until his death, next in line to be the emperor of the former country called Austria-Hungary. He was killed in the city Sarajevo by Gavrilo Princip. Because of this, Austria declared war against Serbia, which started the first World War.
|Franz Ferdinand of Austria|
|Archduke of Austria-Este, Prince Imperial of Austria, Prince Royal of Hungary and Bohemia|
|Born||18 December 1863|
Graz, Austrian Empire
|Died||28 June 1914 (aged 50)|
|Spouse||Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg|
|Issue||Princess Sophie of Hohenberg|
Maximilian, Duke of Hohenberg
Prince Ernst of Hohenberg
|Father||Archduke Karl Ludwig of Austria|
|Mother||Maria Annunciata of the Two Sicilies|
|On 28th June 1914, Franz Ferdinand went to Sarajevo in Bosnia for a trip. He was traveling to the Town Hall at 10pm with his wife, Sophie, in the third car of a motorcade in a roofless limousine. Franz Ferdinand had jokingly mentioned that he wouldn’t be surprised if there was a few bombs waiting for him on his trip. On his way to the Town Hall the first man to try to assassinate the Archduke, Grabez, was standing waiting for Ferdinand to try and shoot him but he froze and let the car pass. He went home afterwards and hid his gun
and bomb but was later arrested.
On the same route to the Town Hall a man, also from the Black Hand, called Cabrinovic threw a bomb at the car injuring lots of Ferdinands staff but he failed to kill the Archduke himself so he tried to swallow cyanide and jump into the river Miljacka but failed to die and got arrested. The Archduke was shocked but headed to the Town Hall anyway and did his speech whilst the paper was covered in the blood of his assistant who was injured in the bomb. After his speech he was heading back to the hotel on the same road the bomb was thrown at him, but instead he decided to go to the hospital to visit the 20 people injured in the bomb. As the driver took a turn to head to the hospital Princip jumped out and shot Sophie in the abdomen who collapsed and died instantly then shot the Archduke in the neck and his leg and he died on their way to the hospital. Ferdinands last words were “Sophie! Sophie! Don’t die! For our children! Princip has been sentenced to twenty years in prison, the maximum for his age, and is imprisoned at the Terezín fortress. The man who threw the bomb, Cabrinovic, was also sentenced to 20 years in prison.
- Quotations related to Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria at Wikiquote
- Media related to Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria at Wikimedia Commons
- Archduke Francis Ferdinand d'Este
- Franz Ferdinand essay
| Archduke of Austria-Este
|— TITULAR —
Duke of Modena