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Avignon Papacy

period of the Catholic Church during which the popes resided in Avignon, France
The Palace of the Popes (Palais des Papes) in Avignon

The Avignon Papacy refers to the 70 years when the popes lived in Avignon instead of living in Rome.[1] Philip IV of France had forced a papal conclave to elect a French pope, who decided he did not want to live in Rome.

HistoryEdit

This period started in 1309 and ended in 1376 when Pope Gregory XI returned to the pope's residence in Rome.

There was an attempt to return the papacy to Avignon, but it was not successful.[2]

List of Avignon popesEdit

The Bishops of Rome who lived in Avignon were:

  1. Pope Clement V: 1305–1314[3]
  2. Pope John XXII: 1316–1334[4]
  3. Pope Benedict XII: 1334–1342[5]
  4. Pope Clement VI: 1342–1352[6]
  5. Pope Innocent VI: 1352–1362[7]
  6. Pope Urban V: 1362–1370[8]
  7. Pope Gregory XI: 1370–1378[9]

Two antipopes were based in Avignon as well:

Related pagesEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Avignon," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-3-15.
  2. "Western Schism," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-3-15.
  3. "Pope Clement V," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-3-15.
  4. "Pope John XXII," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-3-15.
  5. "Pope Benedict XII," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-3-15.
  6. "Pope Clement VI," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-3-15.
  7. "Pope Innocent VI," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-3-15.
  8. "Pope Bl. Urban V," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-3-15.
  9. "Pope Gregory XI," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-3-15.
  10. "Robert of Geneva," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-3-15.
  11. "Pedro de Luna," Catholic Encyclopedia; retrieved 2012-3-15.

Other websitesEdit