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Ayman al-Zawahiri

Egyptian physician, Islamic theologian and leader of al-Qaeda

Ayman Mohammed Rabie al-Zawahiri [3] was born 19 June 1951. He is an Egyptian physician,[4] Islamic theologian and current leader of the militant Islamist organization al-Qaeda.[5] Ayman al-Zawahiri is a former member of Islamist organizations which have organised and carried out attacks in North America, Asia, Africa and the Middle East. In 2012 he called on fellow Muslims to kidnap western tourists in Muslim countries.[6]

Ayman al-Zawahiri
أيمن محمد ربيع الظواهري
Ayman al-Zawahiri portrait.JPG
Ayman al-Zawahiri, November 2001
2nd General Emir of Al-Qaeda
Assumed office
June 16, 2011[1]
Preceded byOsama bin Laden
Deputy Emir of Al-Qaeda
In office
1988–2011
Preceded byPosition created
Succeeded byAbu Khayr al-Masri
Co-founder of Al-Qaeda (with Abdullah Azzam and Osama bin Laden)
In office
1988–1989
Preceded byPosition created
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Co-founder of Maktab al-Khidamat
In office
1984–1988
Preceded byPosition created
Succeeded byPosition abolished
Emir of the Egyptian Islamic Jihad
In office
1991–1998
Preceded byMuhammad abd-al-Salam Faraj
Succeeded byMerger with Al-Qaeda
Personal details
Born
Ayman Mohammed Rabie al-Zawahiri

(1951-06-19) June 19, 1951 (age 68)
Maadi, Cairo, Kingdom of Egypt
NationalityEgyptian
Spouse(s)Azza Ahmed
(m. 1978–2001, her death), Umaima Hassan
Children
Alma materCairo University
OccupationSurgeon
Military career
AllegianceFlag of Jihad.svg Egyptian Islamic Jihad (1980–1998)[2]
Flag of Jihad.svg Al-Qaeda
(1988–present)
Years of service1980–present
RankGeneral Emir of Al-Qaeda
Battles/warsWar in Afghanistan
War in North-West Pakistan

Since the September 11 attacks, U.S. State Department has offered a US$ 25 million reward for information leading to al-Zawahiri's arrest.[7] He is under worldwide sanctions by the United Nations Security Council 1267 Committee as a member or affiliate of al-Qaeda.[8]

Earlier lifeEdit

al-Zawahiri studied medicine in Cairo. He successfully completed his studies in 1974. For three years, he worked as a surgeon in the Egyptian army. After that, he worked in a hospital in Cairo. In 1980 and 1981, al-Zawahiri travelled to Pakistan to help the Red Crescent movement.[9]

al-Zawahiri is the author of several works including numerous al-Qaeda statements. He speaks Arabic, English[10][11] and French.

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Al-Qaeda's remaining leaders". BBC News. June 16, 2015. Retrieved April 28, 2017.
  2. "Ayman al Zawahiri". Retrieved September 8, 2014.
  3. Arabic: أيمن محمد ربيع الظواهري  ʾAyman Muḥammad Rabīʿ aẓ-Ẓawāhirī
  4. "AYMAN AL-ZAWAHIRI". Federal Bureau of Investigation.
  5. "Zawahiri 'becomes al-Qaeda chief'". June 16, 2011 – via www.bbc.co.uk.
  6. CNN, By Chelsea J. Carter. "Al Qaeda leader calls for kidnapping of Westerners". CNN.
  7. "CNN Programs - People in the News". edition.cnn.com.
  8. "UN list of affiliates of al-Qaeda and the Taliban".
  9. "Succession to throne: Ayman al Zawahiri named head of al Qaeda". The Express Tribune.
  10. "Al-Qaeda Deputy Head Ayman Al-Zawahiri in Audio Recording: Musharraf Accepted Israel's Existence".
  11. Wilkinson, Isambard (August 11, 2008). "Al-Qa'eda chief Ayman Zawahiri attacks Pakistan's Pervez Musharraf in video". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved April 26, 2010.