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The Azerbaijanis or Azeris are Turkic people living mainly in northwestern Iran and the Republic of Azerbaijan. They also live in Georgia, Russia (Dagestan), Turkey and formerly Armenia. The Azerbaijanis are mostly Shi'a Muslim.
|approx. 25–35 million|
|Regions with significant populations|
|Iran||15 to 30 million:28|
|Russia||621,800 to 1,500,000|
|Turkey||530,000 to 2,500,000|
|Georgia||284,761 to 500,000|
|Predominantly Shia Islam; minorities practice Sunni Islam, Christianity, Bahá'í Faith, and Zoroastrianism|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Other Turkic peoples, Iranian peoples, peoples of the Caucasus|
After the Russo-Persian War (1804–1813) and Russo-Persian War (1826–1828), the land of the Iranian Qajar dynasty in the Caucasus were given to the Russian Empire which makes up the present territory of the Republic of Azerbaijan. Lands which Iran kept are now known as Iranian Azerbaijan. Even though they live on two sides of an international border, the Azerbaijanis are a single ethnic group. However, northerners and southerners differ due to nearly two centuries of separate social evolution of Iranian Azerbaijanis and Russian/Soviet-influenced Azerbaijan. The Azerbaijani language unifies Azerbaijanis, and is mutually intelligible with Turkmen, Qashqai, Gagauz, Turkish, and the dialects spoken by the Iraqi Turkmen, all of which belong to the Oghuz, or Western, group of Turkic languages.:105
- Azerbaijan -Citizendium
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16% of 70 million [11.2 million]
- Minahan, James (2002). Encyclopedia of the Stateless Nations: S-Z. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 1765. ISBN 978-0-313-32384-3.
Approximately (2002e) 18,500,000 Southern Azeris in Iran, concentrated in the northwestern provinces of East and West Azerbaijan. It is difficult to determine the exact number of Southern Azeris in Iran, as official statistics are not published detailing Iran's ethnic structure. Estimates of the Southern Azeri population range from as low as 12 million up to 40% of the population of Iran – that is, nearly 27 million.
- Shaffer, Brenda (2003). Borders and Brethren: Iran and the Challenge of Azerbaijani Identity. MIT Press. pp. 221–225. ISBN 0-262-19477-5.
There is considerable lack of consensus regarding the number of Azerbaijanis in Iran ... Azerbaijani student groups in Iran claim that there are 27 million Azerbaijanis residing in Iran.
- Olson, Robert W. (2004). Turkey-Iran relations, 1979–2004: revolution, ideology, war, coups and geopolitics. Mazda. p. 76. ISBN 1-56859-114-4.
... in Ankara, Johragani denounced 'Persian' chauvinism and Iran's violation of human rights against the '30 million Azeris of Iran'.
- Brown, E. K.; Asher, R. E.; Simpson, J. M. Y. (2006). Encyclopedia of Language & Linguistics, Volume 1 (2 ed.). Elsevier. p. 635. ISBN 0-08-044299-4.
Azerbaijani speakers in Iran are more numerous than those in Azerbaijan (13 to 30 million in northern Iran, 6 million in the Republic of Azerbaijan).CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Alieva, Leila (2007). "Promoting Cooperation and Integration in the Wider Black Sea Area". In Volten, Peter M. E.; Tashev, Blagovest (eds.). Establishing security and stability in the wider Black Sea area: international politics and the new and emerging democracies. NATO Science for Peace and Security, Volume 26: Human and societal dynamics. IOS Press. p. 157. ISBN 1-58603-765-X.
... large number of Azerbaijanis (30 million in northern Iran and 8 million in present Azerbaijan), ...Cite uses deprecated parameter
- Stokes, Jamie; Gorman, Anthony (2008). Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East, Volume 1. Infobase. p. 79. ISBN 978-1-4381-2676-0.
... 32 million people in Iran...CS1 maint: uses authors parameter (link)
- "Population by ethnic groups". The State Statistical Committee of the Republic of Azerbaijan. 2009. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
- "Итоги переписи". 2002 census. Russian Federation State Statistics Service. 2004. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
- van der Leeuw, Charles (2000). Azerbaijan: a quest for identity : a short history. Palgrave Macmillan. p. 19. ISBN 978-0-312-21903-1.
- "Ethnic groups by major administrative-territorial units" (PDF). 2002 census. National Statistics Office of Georgia. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
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- "The Kingdom of the Netherlands: Bilateral relations: Diaspora" (PDF). Republic of Azerbaijan Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
- "5.01.00.03 Национальный состав населения" (PDF) (in Russian). National Statistical Committee of Kyrgyz Republic. 2011. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
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- "First, Second, and Total Responses to the Ancestry Question by Detailed Ancestry Code: 2000". U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 18 January 2012. This number includes both primary and secondary ancestry.
- "Ethnic origins, 2006 counts, for Canada, provinces and territories – 20% sample data". Statistics Canada. 10 June 2010. Retrieved 18 January 2012. In the 2006 census, 1,480 people indicated 'Azeri'/'Azerbaijani' as a single response and 1,985 as part of multiple origins.
- Poleshchuk, Vadim (March 2001). "Accession to the European Union and National Integration in Estonia and Latvia" (PDF). European Center for Minority Issues. Retrieved 18 January 2012.
- "The Republic of Austria: Bilateral relations" (PDF). Republic of Azerbaijan Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Retrieved 18 January 2012.
- "Population Census of 2000". Statistics Estonia. Retrieved 19 January 2012. Select "Azerbaijani" under "Ethnic nationality".
- Robertson, Lawrence R. (2002). Russia & Eurasia Facts & Figures Annual. Academic International Press. p. 210. ISBN 0-87569-199-4.
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- Nichol, James (1995). "Azerbaijan". In Curtis, Glenn E. (ed.). Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia. Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. ISBN 0-8444-0848-4.