|Babi Yar Massacre|
Painting of the Babi Yar Massacre
|Location||Outside of Kiev|
|Date||September 29-30, 1941|
|Genocide, mass murder|
|Perpetrators||Einsatzgruppe C, other Schutzstaffel (SS), German police|
Nazi Germany and other Axis countries occupied Kiev on September 19, 1941. By September 26, the military governor and the Schutzstaffel (SS) and Police Leader had decided to kill all of the Jews in Kiev. They said this would be revenge for German soldiers being attacked by some Jewish guerrilla fighters.
The Nazis tricked the Jews into coming to Babi Yar by telling them they were going to be sent to another place to live. On 28 September 1941, they put up an order in the town. Part of it said:
All [Jews] of the city of Kiev and [nearby areas] must appear on Monday, September 29, by 8 o'clock in the morning at the corner of Mel'nikova and Dorohozhytska streets (near the Viis'kove cemetery). Bring documents, money and valuables, and also warm clothing, linen, etc. Any [Jews] who do not follow this order and are found elsewhere will be shot.
Later, one of the soldiers in charge of the massacre would say:
Although only [about] 5,000 to 6,000 Jews had been expected [to come] at first, more than 30,000 Jews arrived who, until the very moment of their execution, still believed in their resettlement, thanks to an extremely clever organization.
On September 29 and 30, special units of the SS called Einsatzgruppen, and some local Ukrainians who supported the Nazis, took these people to the ravine at Babi Yar. They made them put all of their things in piles. They made them strip naked. The area was so crowded that by the time people heard gunshots, there was no way to escape. The Nazis took people ten at a time into the ravine, made them lay down, and shot them with machine guns.
The murdered Jews' property was given to Nazi leaders in Kiev.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Babi Yar.|
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