genus of bacteria

Bartonella is a genus of bacteria. It is the only one in the family Bartonellaceae. The species can be parasitic and cause diseases in animals and humans.[2] They live mostly in the cells of the host, as intracellular parasites.

Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Bacteria
Phylum: Pseudomonadota
Class: Alphaproteobacteria
Order: Rhizobiales
Family: Bartonellaceae
Gieszczykiewicz 1939
Genus: Bartonella
Strong et al. 1915
  • Bartonia Strong et al. 1913
  • Grahamella (ex Brumpt 1911) Ristic and Kreier 1984
  • Rochalimaea (Macchiavello 1947) Krieg 1961

Bartonella species are pathogens.[3] Bartonella species are transmitted by vectors such as ticks, fleas, sand flies, and mosquitoes. At least eight Bartonella species or subspecies are known to infect humans.[4]

Bartonella is named after Alberto Leonardo Barton (1870–1950), a medical microbiologist.

References change

  1. 1.0 1.1 "List of Prokaryotic Names with Standing in Nomenclature". Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  2. George M. Garrity, Don J. Brenner, Noel R. Krieg, James T. Staley: Bergey's manual of systematic bacteriology. Vol. 2: The Proteobacteria Part C: The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteabacteria. Springer, New York 2005, ISBN 978-0-387-24145-6
  3. Walker DH (1996). Rickettsiae. In: Barron's Medical Microbiology (Barron S et al., eds.) (4th ed.). Univ of Texas Medical Branch. ISBN 0-9631172-1-1.
  4. Chomel BB, Boulouis HJ (2005). "Zoonoses dues aux bactéries du genre Bartonella: nouveaux réservoirs? nouveaux vecteurs?" [Zoonotic diseases caused by bacteria of the genus Bartonella: new reservoirs? new vectors?] (PDF). Bull. Acad. Natl. Med. (in French). 189 (3): 465–77, discussion 477–80. PMID 16149211.