|Baucau Municipality (Baukau)|
Rice fields south of the city of Baucau
|Administrative posts||Baguia, Baucau, Laga, Quelicai, Vemasse, Venilale|
|- elevation||512 m (1,680 ft)|
|Area||1,504 km² (581 sq mi)|
|Population||123,203 (2015) |
|Density||82 /km² (212 /sq mi)|
|Timezone||Time in East Timor (UTC+9)|
The municipality has an area of 1,507.95 km2 (582.22 sq mi). The largest part of the municipality is at an altitude between 100 and 500 m (330 and 1,640 ft). Just right on the coast, the country is falling fast at sea level.
The highest mountain of Baucau, and the third highest in East Timor, is Matebian, with 2,316 m (7,598 ft) high; it is in the Quelicai subdistrict.
The rivers Laleia and Manuleiden, in the west of the district, flow to the north into the Wetar Strait. The rivers Seiçal, Borauai, Lequinamo, Binagua and other small rivers are to the east of the city of Baucau; only the Seiçal has water all year round.
In 2015, about 123,000 people lived in Baucau. The average age is 18.5 years.
Besides the national official languages of Tetum and Portuguese, most of the inhabitants speak the Papuan language Makasae. While most of the inhabitants are Roman Catholics, a few Muslims also live there.
Baucau has the most highly developed agriculture in East Timor. Besides the staples rice and corn, Baucau produces beans, peanuts, sweet potatoes, coconuts, candlenut and manioc. It also raises buffalo and goats.
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