Bharat Ratna (Hindi: भारत रत्न, meaning Jewel of India, or Gem of India) is the highest civilian award in India. They are given to people who have given the highest level of service in artistic, literary or scientific achievements. As of 2011, it can also be given to sportspeople.
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- "Govt changes criteria for Bharat Ratna; now open for all". The Hindu. Press Trust of India. 16 December 2011. Retrieved 16 December 2011.