Billy the Kid

American outlaw and gunfighter (1859–1881)
(Redirected from Billy The Kid)

Henry McCarty (1859 – 14 July 1881) was also known as William H. Bonney, and known popularly as Billy the Kid. He was an American gunman who took part in the Lincoln County War.

Billy the Kid
Portrait by Ben Wittick, c. 1880
Henry McCarty[1]

September 17 or (1859-11-23)November 23, 1859
New York City, U.S.
Died14 July 1881(1881-07-14) (aged 21)
Cause of deathGunshot wound
Resting placeOld Fort Sumner Cemetery
34°24′13″N 104°11′37″W / 34.40361°N 104.19361°W / 34.40361; -104.19361 (Billy the Kid's Gravesite)
Other names
  • William H. Bonney
  • Henry Antrim
  • Kid Antrim

Legends say that Billy the kid killed 21 men, but history tells us that he murdered at least four men.[2] The first murder was in 1877; 147 years ago (1877). Bonney was born in 1859.

Before he started using the alias "William Bonney", McCarty's first arrest was for stealing food in late 1875; 149 years ago (1875). Within five months he was arrested for stealing clothing and firearms. Two days later, he escaped from jail and fled from New Mexico Territory into the neighboring Arizona Territory, making him an outlaw and a federal fugitive. After murdering a blacksmith during an argument in August 1877; 146 years ago (1877-08), Bonney became a wanted man in Arizona Territory. He returned to New Mexico and joined a group of cattle rustlers. He became a well-known figure in the region when he joined the Regulators and took part in the Lincoln County War. In April of 1878, the Regulators killed three men, including Lincoln County Sheriff William J. Brady and one of his deputies. Bonney and two other Regulators were later charged with killing all three men.


  1. Nolan, Frederick (2015). The West of Billy the Kid. University of Oklahoma Press. p. 29. ISBN 978-0-8061-4887-8. Archived from the original on September 2, 2021. Retrieved July 1, 2019.
  2. "Billy the Kid: How bad was he?".