ancient region of Asia Minor

Bithynia was an old kingdom of a Roman province in the northwest of Asia Minor.[1] It was at the coast of the Black Sea. It was named after the Bithyni, a tribe that moved there from Thrace.[2] It was an important territory for the Roman empire. Bithynia was also the site of early Christian activities in the first and second centuries AD.[3]

Bithynia as a province of the Roman Empire, 125 AD


  1. Matthew Bunson, Encyclopedia of the Roman Empire (New York: Facts On File, 2002), p. 76
  2. "Ancient Districts". Thracian Ltd. 2011. Archived from the original on 14 January 2015. Retrieved 2 April 2015.
  3. Graham Stanton, Studies in Matthew and Early Christianity (Tübingen, Germany: Mohr Siebeck, 2013), p. 406

Further reading

  • Stanley Jonathon Storey, Bithynia: history and administration to the time of Pliny the Younger (Ottawa, National Library of Canada, 1998) ISBN 0-612-34324-3