Sir Robert "Bobby" William Robson CBE (18 February 1933 – 31 July 2009) was an English association footballer and manager. He played almost 600 matches and scored over 100 goals. He also played for the England national team. He scored four goals in 20 games for them.
Robson after the Netherlands versus England match on 15 June 1988 in Düsseldorf, West Germany
|Full name||Robert William Robson|
|Date of birth||18 February 1933|
|Place of birth||Sacriston, County Durham, England, U.K.|
|Date of death||31 July 2009(aged 76)|
|Place of death||County Durham, England, U.K.|
|Playing position||Inside striker (forward)|
|1956–1962||West Bromwich Albion||239||(56)|
|* Senior club appearances and goals counted for the domestic league only|
Robson managed Fulham F.C. and Ipswich Town F.C.. He then managed the England national football team for eight years, from 1982 to 1990. He led England to the semi-finals of the World Cup in 1990. He left England to manage other football teams in Europe. These included clubs from Holland, Portugal and Spain. Robson came back to England to manage Newcastle United F.C. in 1999.
Robson was born in Sacriston, County Durham, England in 1933. He was the fourth of five brothers. As a young child he often went to St James' Park with his father to watch Newcastle United F.C.
When he was only 15, Robson played football in a local team of boys aged 18. He became an apprentice electrician but still played football. In 1950, the Fulham F.C. manager, Bill Dodgin, Sr., visited Robson's home. He offered Robson a contract to play professional football. Robson signed the contract and moved to London.
Robson played in his first professional football game for Fulham F.C. in 1950. He spent six years at the club before moving to West Bromwich Albion for £25,000. He played for Albion for six years. During that time, he played in nearly 250 games, scoring over 50 goals. Albion said no when Robson asked for a bigger salary, and he moved back to Fulham. Fulham sold some important players after Robson came back to the team. This led Robson to think he would not win any trophies. He left Fulham in 1967 and joined the Vancouver Royals in Canada as both a player and a manager. However, he had to share the management role with someone else. Robson did not like this and moved back to England in 1968. He started to manage Fulham.
Robson was selected for England while at West Bromwich Albion. He played for England in the 1958 FIFA World Cup. He was selected for the 1962 FIFA World Cup. Due to injury in a friendly against Chile, Robson had to leave from the squad. In total, he played 20 times for his country.
Early club managementEdit
Robson started his career as a manager at Fulham F.C. The team were relegated in his first season there. Robson was sacked the following season. In 1969 he became manager of Ipswich Town F.C. However he won no major competitions or trophies during his first four years in charge. In 1973 Ipswich won the Texaco Cup.
Over the next nine seasons in the First Division, only once did Ispwich finish lower than the sixth place . This was the 1977–78 season however the club then went on to win the FA Cup, beating Arsenal F.C. 1–0 at Wembley. Three years later, Robson led Ipswich to victory in the UEFA Cup. The club beat Dutch team AZ Alkmaar 5–4 over two games. Robson moved on to manage the England national football team in 1982.
England national teamEdit
Robson managed the England team 95 times, with 47 victories. In the 1986 FIFA World Cup in Mexico, he led the team to the quarter-finals where they lost to Argentina 2–1. Both Argentina goals were scored by Diego Maradona, including the famous "Hand of God" goal. Four years later, in the 1990 FIFA World Cup, Robson led England into the semi-finals. This time they lost to West Germany in a penalty shoot-out. After this World Cup, Robson's contract was not extended by the Football Association.
European club managementEdit
Robson joined Dutch club P.S.V. Eindhoven in 1990. They won the league in his first two seasons. However, they did not win any European competitions and in 1992 Robson lost his job. Robson joined Portuguese club Sporting Clube de Portugal in July 1992. He led them to third place in the league in his first season. Defeat in Europe meant Robson lost his job again, in December 1994. He was quickly offered the manager's job by F.C. Porto. He led the team to victory in the Portuguese Cup and they won the league for two seasons in a row.
In the summer of 1996, Robson became manager at FC Barcelona. In his short time at the club, he signed Ronaldo and led the club to win the Spanish Cup, Spanish Super Cup and European Cup Winners' Cup. The next season Robson took a more administrative position before going back to Holland to manage P.S.V. Eindhoven for one season.
The next year, Robson went back to England to work for the Football Association. Soon after his return, Newcastle United F.C. manager Ruud Gullit left, and Robson took the manager's job at St James' Park. He managed the club until 2004 without winning any major trophies or competitions.
On 13 January 2006, Steve Staunton was selected as manager of the Republic of Ireland national team. Robson was named in a support role as "International Football Consultant". Because of health problems, Robson left this position on 17 November 2007.
Life outside footballEdit
|Wikinews has news related to this article: Bobby Robson recovering from operation|
In 1991, Robson was diagnosed with colorectal cancer, from which he recovered the following year. His ill health affected his work. While at Porto, for example, Robson suffered from malignant melanoma. This meant he missed the first months of the 1995–96 season. He had many operations, including one in 2006 for a brain tumour. On 17 October 2006, Robson was given the all-clear. He was set to complete his contract as consultant to the Irish team. In May 2007, he was diagnosed with lung cancer. He died of lung cancer on 31 July 2009.
Robson was in some advertisements, including Carlsberg's "Best Pub Side" television advertisement. He also worked on ITV during the 2002 World Cup and the 2004 European Championship. He also wrote a weekly column for The Mail on Sunday.
Bobby Robson was given several honours for his work in football. In 1990, after his eight years as England manager, he was awarded a CBE. In 2002, he was knighted. Both awards were for services to football. That year he was awarded the freedom of Newcastle upon Tyne. He also received the UEFA President's Award for 'services to football'. He was inducted into the English Football Hall of Fame in 2003. In 2005, Robson was made an Honorary Freeman of Newcastle. Robson said, in his autobiography, it was "the proudest moment of my life".
Robson also won the 1992 Football Writers' Association Tribute Award for an "outstanding contribution to the national game". In 2001 he was awarded the British Sports Writers' Association Pat Besford Trophy for Outstanding Achievement. In 2005, he received a lifetime achievement award from the Sports Coach UK Awards. He also received the Eircom International Personality of the Year in 2006. On 9 December 2007, Robson received the BBC Sports Personality of the Year Lifetime Achievement Award.
In May 2008 was the 30th anniversary celebrations of Ipswich Town's 1978 FA Cup win. During this, Robson was granted the Freedom of Ipswich by the Lady Mayor. On 8 December 2008, he was given the Freedom of the City of Durham.
Playing career statisticsEdit
Club career statisticsEdit
|Club performance||League||Cup||League Cup||Total|
|England||League||FA Cup||Football League Cup||Total|
|1955/56||West Bromwich Albion||First Division||10||1||0||0||-||10||1|
International career statisticsEdit
|England national team|
Performance by clubEdit
|Fulham||January 1968||November 1968||36||6||21||9||16.67|
|Ipswich Town||January 1969||August 1982||709||316||220||173||44.57|
|Newcastle United||September 1999||August 2004||255||119||72||64||46.67|
|Texaco Cup||Ipswich Town||1973|
|Rous Cup||England||1986, 1988, 1989|
|Dutch Championship||PSV Eindhoven||1991, 1992|
|Cup of Portugal||Porto||1994|
|Portuguese Championship||1995, 1996|
|Spanish Super Cup||Barcelona||1996|
|Copa del Rey||1997|
|European Cup Winners' Cup||1997|
- Time On The Grass, Bobby Robson, (Arthur Barker 1982), ISBN 0-213-16845-6.
- Bobby Robson: An Autobiography, Bobby Robson, (Hutchinson 1990), ISBN 0-09-174499-7.
- Football Against the Enemy, (Chapter 11), Simon Kuper, (Orion Publishing Group 1996), ISBN 0-7538-0523-5.
- High Noon: A Year at Barcelona, Steve Dickson, (Virgin Books 1997), ISBN 1-85227-633-9.
- Bobby Robson: An Englishman Abroad, Bobby Robson with Bob Harris, (Macmillan Publishers 1998), ISBN 0-330-36985-7.
- Sir Bobby Robson: Living the Game, Bob Harris, (Weidenfeld & Nicolson 2004), ISBN 1-84188-244-5.
- "Football legend Robson dies at 76". news.bbc.co.uk. 2009-07-31. Retrieved 2009-07-31.
- Robson, Bobby (2005). "Going underground". Farewell but Not Goodbye. Hodder & Stoughton. p. 6. ISBN 0-340-82346-1.
- "Robson: Dream to manage Newcastle". BBC Sport. 1999-08-30. Retrieved 2009-04-06.
- Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. p. 15.
- Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 8–19.
- Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. p. 24.
- Robson. "Tales From The Riverbank". Farewell but Not Goodbye. p. 29.
- Matthews, Tony; Mackenzie, Colin (1987). Albion! A Complete Record of West Bromwich Albion 1879–1987. Breedon Books. p. 29. ISBN 0-907969-23-2.
- Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. p. 43.
- Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 64–65.
- Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 58–60.
- "Bobby Robson". Fulham F.C. Retrieved 2007-05-16.
- "Bobby Robson". Pride of Anglia.com (subscription required). Retrieved 2009-04-14.
- "1978 - Osbourne's year". BBC Sport. 2001-05-10. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
- "Ipswich thankful for Thijssen". UEFA. 2006-01-02. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
- "Sir Bobby Robson (1999-2004)". Newcastle United F.C. Retrieved 2009-04-14.[dead link]
- "World Cup history - Mexico 1986". BBC Sport. 2006-05-04. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
- "World Cup history - Italy 1990". BBC Sport. 2006-04-27. Retrieved 2007-05-23.
- "Sir Bobby Robson". ESPN. Retrieved 2009-04-14.
- Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 150–53.
- "SPORTING LISBON - PORTO". footballderbies.com. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
- Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. p. 168.
- "Managers - Bobby Robson (1996-97)". FC Barcelona. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
- "Bobby Robson returns to PSV". BBC Sport. 1998-04-06. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
- "Robson takes Newcastle hotseat". BBC Sport. 1999-09-03. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
- "Newcastle force Robson out". BBC Sport. 2004-08-30. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
- "Republic appoint Staunton as boss". BBC Sport. 2006-01-13. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
- "Robson ready to retire from pitch at 74". GuardianUnlimited. 2007-11-15. Retrieved 2009-04-15.
- "Sir Bobby: My fight against cancer". Daily Mail. 2007-05-05. Retrieved 2007-05-15.
- "Sir Bobby Robson receives knighthood". BBC News. 2002-11-21. Retrieved 2007-05-15.
- Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 162–68.
- "Robson discharged from hospital". BBC. 2006-08-07. Retrieved 2007-05-13.
- Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. pp. 151–53.
- "Robson gets the all-clear". Ireland On-Line. 2006-10-17. Retrieved 2007-05-13.
- James Watson. "Robson fighting cancer again". Sporting Life. Retrieved 2007-05-14.[dead link]
- "Carlsberg's "Best Pub Side" TV commercial". TheFA.com. 2006-04-19. Retrieved 2007-05-15.[dead link]
- "Football World Cup 2002: Gibbering Gazza's right on target with long". Sunday Mirror. 2002-06-23. Retrieved 2007-08-30.
- Tom Fordyce (2004-06-14). "Reasons to be cheerful". BBC Sport. Retrieved 2007-08-29.
- "Sir Bobby Robson - The Mail on Sunday". Daily Mail. Retrieved 2007-06-12.
- Robson. Farewell but Not Goodbye. p. 297.
- "Sir Bobby Robson receives knighthood". BBC News. 2002-11-21. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
- "English Football Hall of Fame Profile". National Football Museum. Retrieved 2007-05-13.[dead link]
- Robson. "Hello and goodbye". Farewell but Not Goodbye. p. 294.
- "England Honours - Football Writers' Association Tribute Award". Englandfootballonline.com. Retrieved 2007-08-16.
- "Fletcher honoured with top award". BBC Sport. 2005-12-07. Retrieved 2007-08-31.
- "Robson wins BBC achievement award". BBC Sport. 8 December 2007. Retrieved 2007-12-08.
- "Sir Bobby given freedom of town". BBC News. 2008-05-06. Retrieved 2008-06-21.
- "Sir Bobby to become city Freeman". BBC News. 2008-12-08. Retrieved 20008-12-08. Check date values in:
- "Robson, Bobby". National Football Teams. Retrieved 2009-04-12.
- Strack-Zimmermann, Benjamin. "Bobby Robson". www.national-football-teams.com.
- "Bobby Robson". Pride of Anglia. Retrieved 14 February 2008.[dead link]
- "England Hall of Fame". FA.com. Retrieved 14 May 2007.[dead link]