Bosnian War

1992–1995 armed conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina

The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina or Bosnian War is the generally accepted name for an international military conflict in the area of Bosnia and Herzegovina, which lasted from April 6th 1992 to December 14th 1995, between Serbia and Montenegro, the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Croatia. This war is often appointed and as The aggression on Bosnia and Herzegovina and Civil War in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Bosnia and Herzegovina formally indicted Serbia and Montenegro for genocide before the International Court of Justice. The Court 21st February 2007 published a judgment in which he concluded that the war had an international character.[9][10][11][12]

Bosnian War
Part of the Yugoslav Wars

The Executive Council Building burns after being hit by tank fire in Sarajevo May 1992; Ratko Mladić with Army of Republika Srpska officers; a Norwegian UN soldier in Sarajevo.
Date6 April 1992 – 14 December 1995
(3 years, 8 months, 1 week and 6 days)

Military stalemate



 Bosnia and Herzegovina


Republika Srpska
 SFR Yugoslavia
 Serbian Krajina


 Bosnia and Herzegovina




Republika Srpska
 Serbian Krajina
AP Western Bosnia (from 1993)
Supported by:
 FR Yugoslavia


 Bosnia and Herzegovinab
 NATO (bombing operations, 1995)


Republika Srpska
 Serbian Krajina
AP Western Bosnia
Supported by:
 FR Yugoslavia
Commanders and leaders

Bosnia and Herzegovina Alija Izetbegović
(President of Bosnia and Herzegovina) Bosnia and Herzegovina Haris Silajdžić
(Prime Minister of Bosnia and Herzegovina)
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sefer Halilović
(ARBiH Chief of Staff 1992–1993) Bosnia and Herzegovina Rasim Delić
(ARBiH Commander of the General Staff 1993–1995)
Bosnia and Herzegovina Enver Hadžihasanović
(ARBiH Chief of Staff 1992–1993)

NATO Leighton W. Smith
(Commander of AFSOUTH)

and others

Croatia Franjo Tuđman
(President of Croatia)
Croatia Gojko Šušak
(Minister of Defence of Croatia)
Croatia Janko Bobetko
(HV Chief of Staff)

Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia Mate Boban
(President of Herzeg-Bosnia)
Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia Milivoj Petković
(HVO Chief of Staff)

Croatian Republic of Herzeg-Bosnia Slobodan Praljak
(HVO Chief of Staff)
and others

Federal Republic of YugoslaviaSerbia Slobodan Milošević
(President of Serbia) Republika Srpska Radovan Karadžić
(President of Republika Srpska) Republika Srpska Ratko Mladić
(VRS Chief of Staff) Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Momčilo Perišić
(VJ Chief of Staff)

Fikret Abdić (President of AP Western Bosnia)

and others
110,000 troops
100,000 reserves
40 tanks
30 APCs[1]
45,000–50,000 troops[2]
75 tanks
50 APCs
200 artillery pieces[3]
15,000 troops[4]
80,000 troops
300 tanks
700 APCs
800 artillery pieces[5]
AP Western Bosnia:
4,000–5,000 troops[6]
Casualties and losses
30,521 soldiers killed
31,583 civilians killed[7]
6,000 soldiers killed
2,484 civilians killed[7]
21,173 soldiers killed
4,179 civilians killed[7]
additional 5,100 killed whose ethnicity and status are unstated[8]

a ^ From 1992 to 1994, the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was not supported by the majority of Bosnian Croats and Serbs. Consequently, it represented mainly the Bosnian Muslims.

b ^ Between 1994 and 1995, the Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina was supported and represented by both Bosnian Muslims and Bosnian Croats. This was primarily because of the Washington Agreement.

It was estimated that in the nearly 4 year war killed 100,000 - 200,000 people, while over 2,000,000 people had to leave their homes. According to more recent reports, the war killed around 94,000 inhabitants, and displaced about 1,800,000 people. The war was caused by a complex combination of the general political, social and security crisis in the country, which followed the end of the Cold War and the fall of the socialist system in Yugoslavia. The war ended with the signing Peace Agreement in Dayton, Ohio on 21 November 1995.[source?]


  1. Ramet 2010, p. 130.
  2. Christia 2012, p. 154.
  3. Ramet 2006, p. 450.
  4. Mulaj 2008, p. 53.
  5. Finlan 2004, p. 21
  6. Ramet 2006, p. 451.
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 "Spolna i nacionalna struktura žrtava i ljudski gubitci vojnih formacija (1991–1996)". Prometej.
  8. "After years of toil, book names Bosnian war dead". Reuters. Archived from the original on 2013-07-21. Retrieved 2018-05-28.
  9. "ICTY: Conflict between Bosnia and Herzegovina and the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia". Retrieved 25 April 2015.
  10. "ICTY: Conflict between Bosnia and Croatia".
  11. "ICJ: The genocide case: Bosnia v. Serbia – See Part VI – Entities involved in the events 235–241" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 1 March 2011. Retrieved 25 April 2015. {{cite web}}: More than one of |archivedate= and |archive-date= specified (help); More than one of |archiveurl= and |archive-url= specified (help)
  12. "ICTY: The attack against the civilian population and related requirements". Archived from the original on 19 February 2009. Retrieved 25 April 2015.