British Mandate of Palestine
The British Mandate of Palestine was a mandate of the United Kingdom in Palestine and Jordan. It began after the fall of the Ottoman Empire in World War I. It started from 1 July 1920, and operated until 1948. Britain had defeated the Ottoman forces in 1917, and occupied the territory. The mandate was approved by the League of Nations in June 1922, and went into effect on 11 September 1922.
|Status||Mandate of the United Kingdom|
Christianity · Druze
• 1920–1925 (first)
|Sir Herbert Louis Samuel|
• 1945–1948 (last)
|Sir Alan G. Cunningham|
|Historical era||Interwar period · World War II|
• Mandate assigned
|25 April 1920|
• Britain officially assumes control
|29 September 1923|
|14 May 1948|
|Currency||Egyptian pound (until 1927)|
Palestine pound (from 1927)
|ISO 3166 code||PS|
|Today part of|| Israel|
West Bank and Gaza
The land west of the Jordan River, known as Palestine, was under direct British control until 1948. The land east of the Jordan River was known as Transjordan, and was governed by the Hashemite family. Transjordan gained independence in 1946. The mandate in Palestine ended at midnight on 14 May 1948. On the next day, the 1948 Arab–Israeli War began. Israel declared independence, the West Bank was annexed by Jordan, and Egypt took control of the Gaza Strip.
Media related to British Mandate of Palestine at Wikimedia Commons
- Coins and Banknotes of Palestine under the British Mandate
- Stamps of Palestine under the British Mandate
- A history of Palestine, Israel and the Arab-Israeli conflict
- Map of Population Distribution by Ethnicity 1946
- Population of Palestine before 1948
- Map of Land Ownership in Palestine 1945
- British Servicemen and Police who died 1945–1948 – Database
- "Mandate Unscrambled". Time Magazine. 9 July 1937. Retrieved 14 October 2009.
- British Mandate of Palestine Coins
- British Mandate of Palestine
- note: "Population of Palestine before 1948" does not differentiate between the Bedouin who were natives, and other Muslims (such as c.100.000 refugees of the Hejaz Wars who entered the area in the beginning of the 20th century), and is therefore misleading as regards this item.