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Brooklyn Bridge

bridge in New York City, crossing the East River

The Brooklyn Bridge is one of the oldest suspension bridges in the United States. It is 5,989 feet (1,825 meters) long.[6] The bridge goes over the East River. It connects the New York City boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn. It is one of the leading landmarks of New York City.

Brooklyn Bridge
Brooklyn Bridge Postdlf.jpg
Seen from Manhattan in 2005
Coordinates40°42′22″N 73°59′49″W / 40.706°N 73.997°W / 40.706; -73.997Coordinates: 40°42′22″N 73°59′49″W / 40.706°N 73.997°W / 40.706; -73.997
Carries6 lanes of roadway (cars only)
Elevated trains (until 1944)
Streetcars (until 1950)
Pedestrians and bicycles
CrossesEast River
LocaleNew York City (Civic Center, Manhattan – Dumbo/Brooklyn Heights, Brooklyn)
Maintained byNew York City Department of Transportation
ID number22400119[1]
Characteristics
DesignSuspension/Cable-stay Hybrid
Total length6,016 ft (1,833.7 m)[a]
Width85 ft (25.9 m)
Height272 ft (82.9 m) (towers)
Longest span1,595.5 ft (486.3 m)
Clearance below133 ft (40.5 m) above mean high water[b]
History
DesignerJohn Augustus Roebling
OpenedMay 24, 1883; 136 years ago (1883-05-24)[2]
Statistics
Daily traffic105,679 (2016)[3]
TollFree both ways
Brooklyn Bridge
NYC Landmark
Built1869-1883
Architectural styleneo-Gothic
NRHP reference #66000523
Significant dates
Added to NRHPOctober 15, 1966[4]
Designated NHLJanuary 29, 1964[5]
Designated NYCLAugust 24, 1967
Location within New York City

The bridge was built from 1869 to 1883. It was the first fixed crossing of the East River. It was designed by John Roebling. The construction was directed by his son Washington Roebling and Washington's wife, Emily. [7] When it was finished, it was the tallest structure in North America.

The bridge is an official landmark. It has been a National Historic Landmark since 1964.[8][9][10] It became a National Historic Civil Engineering Landmark in 1972.[11]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "NYC DOT Bridges & Tunnels Annual Condition Report 2015" (PDF). New York City Department of Transportation. Retrieved May 24, 2017.
  2. Feuerstein, Gary (May 29, 1998). "Brooklyn Bridge Facts, History and Information". Endex Engineering, Inc. Archived from the original on February 8, 2010. Retrieved May 23, 2011.
  3. "New York City Bridge Traffic Volumes" (PDF). New York City Department of Transportation. 2016. p. 11. Retrieved March 16, 2018.
  4. "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2007-01-23.
  5. "Brooklyn Bridge". National Park Service. Archived from the original on November 28, 2002.
  6. "NYCDOT Bridges Information". New York City Department of Transportation. Retrieved 2008-08-23.
  7. mann, Elizabeth, 2000 "the Brooklyn Bridge," Scholastic Literary Place, pp. 566-589.
  8. "Brooklyn Bridge". National Park Service. September 11, 2007.
  9. Armstrong, James B.; Bradford, S. Sydney (February 24, 1975). "The Brooklyn Bridge" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination. National Park Service.
  10. "The Brooklyn Bridge—Accompanying three photos, from 1975" (PDF). National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination. National Park Service. February 24, 1975.
  11. "Brooklyn Bridge". ASCE Metropolitan Section. Retrieved June 30, 2010.

Notes

  1. Sources conflict on whether the length of the Brooklyn Bridge is 6,016 feet (1,834 m) long or 5,989 feet (1,825 m) long.
  2. The height is also recorded as being 135 feet (41 m). During winter, the bridge's steel shrinks, making it two feet shorter than in summer.

Other websitesEdit