Cardinal (Catholic Church)
senior ecclesiastical official of the Catholic Church
Cardinal is a clerical office in the Roman Catholic Church. Cardinals are counselors of the pope.
Pope Innocent IV granted the use of the red hat to the cardinals in 1245. The red hat was a symbol of the cardinal's readiness to shed their blood in the cause of the church.
College of CardinalsEdit
The collective name for cardinals is college of cardinals. They meet in a Papal conclave to elect a new Pope.
When there is no pope, the cardinals direct the day-to-day affairs of the Church.
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 "Cardinal," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-23.
- ↑ Chisholm, Hugh (1910). The Encyclopedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. Encyclopedia Britannica Company. p. 580.
. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.