Cardinal (Catholic Church)

senior ecclesiastical official of the Catholic Church

What are cardinals? :

According to the Catholic church, the order of the importance of the Catholic Church goes from the Pope, then the Bishops and then the Cardinals. Cardinals are the counsellor of The Pope. (The pope is the head of the catholic church.) In 1245, Pope Innocent IV granted the red hat to the Bishops as a sign of of the Cardinals readiness to shed their blood in the cause of the church which showed their dedication to the church.

College of Cardinals change

The collective name for cardinals is college of cardinals. They meet in a Papal conclave to elect a new Pope.[1]

When there is no pope, the cardinals direct the day-to-day affairs of the Church.[1]

References change

The Coat of Arms of a cardinal who is not a bishop
  1. 1.0 1.1 "Cardinal," Catholic Encyclopedia (2009); retrieved 2011-11-23.

Other websites change

  •   "Cardinal (1)" . Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
  • Catholic Hierarchy, Cardinal-Bishops, Cardinal-Priests, Cardinal-Deacons
  • Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church