Cichlid

family of fishes

Cichlids (pronounced 'sick-lids') are fishes from the Cichlidae family, in the order Perciformes.

Cichlid
Temporal range: Eocene to present(molecular clock suggests Cretaceous origin)
Freshwater angelfish biodome.jpg
Common freshwater angelfish,
Pterophyllum scalare
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Superorder: Acanthopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Suborder: Labroidei
Family: Cichlidae
Bonaparte, 1835
Subfamilies

Cichlinae
Etroplinae
Heterochromidinae
Pseudocrenilabrinae
Ptychochrominae
For genera, see below.

It is a very large family of fish made up of more than 2500 species. Cichlids come in many different sizes, from 2.5 centimeters to almost a meter long. All cichlids have some form of parental care for their eggs and fry. That parental care may come in the form of guarding the eggs and fry or it may come in the form of mouthbrooding.

Cichlids are famous for their speciation in East African lakes.[1][2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Salzburger W., Mack T., Verheyen E., Meyer A. (2005). "Out of Tanganyika: genesis, explosive speciation, key-innovations and phylogeography of the haplochromine cichlid fishes" (PDF). BMC Evolutionary Biology. 5 (17): 17. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-5-17. PMC 554777. PMID 15723698.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. Kornfield, Irv & Smith, Peter (November 2000). "African Cichlid fishes: model systems for evolutionary biology". Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics. 31: 163. doi:10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.31.1.163.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)