Cichlid

family of fishes

Cichlids (pronounced 'sick-lids') are fishes from the Cichlidae family, in the order Perciformes.

Cichlid
Temporal range: Eocene to present(molecular clock suggests Cretaceous origins)
Freshwater angelfish biodome.jpg
Common freshwater angelfish,
Pterophyllum scalare
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Superorder: Acanthopterygii
Order: Perciformes
Suborder: Labroidei
Family: Cichlidae
Bonaparte, 1835
Subfamilies

Cichlinae
Etroplinae
Heterochromidinae
Pseudocrenilabrinae
Ptychochrominae
For genera, see below.

It is a very large family of fish made up of more than 2500 species. Cichlids come in many different sizes, from 2.5 centimeters to almost a meter long.

Cichlids are famous for their speciation in East African lakes.[1][2]

ReferencesEdit

  1. Salzburger W., Mack T., Verheyen E., Meyer A. (2005). "Out of Tanganyika: genesis, explosive speciation, key-innovations and phylogeography of the haplochromine cichlid fishes" (PDF). BMC Evolutionary Biology. 5 (1): 17. doi:10.1186/1471-2148-5-17. PMC 554777. PMID 15723698. More than one of |number= and |issue= specified (help)CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
  2. Kornfield, Irv (November 2000). "African Cichlid fishes: model systems for evolutionary biology". Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics. 31: 163. doi:10.1146/annurev.ecolsys.31.1.163. Unknown parameter |coauthors= ignored (|author= suggested) (help)