working together

Collaboration is when people work with each other to complete a task.[1][2] It involves co-operation and teamwork and the sharing of ideas, knowledge and skills to reach the same objective.[3] The objective is usually creative in nature.[4] Most collaboration needs leadership or some kind of co-ordination, although responsibilities can be shared within an egalitarian group.[5]

Collaborating to write Wikipedia

Each person plays a tightly or loosely defined role in the process of collaboration. For instance, to make a movie a writer, director, producer and actors are needed. There may also be a need for a costumer, a cameraman (if the director cannot do it all), an audio engineer, and a film editor if the project is big enough and the schedule tight enough.

Not only individuals collaborate; groups also do it. Large construction projects are usually done by collaborations between corporations, wars are often fought between alliances of countries, and political parties often collaborate in government.



  1. "collaboration". Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 11th Edition. Retrieved September 18, 2012 from
  2. Marinez-Moyano, I. J. Exploring the Dynamics of Collaboration in Interorganizational Settings, Ch. 4, p. 83, in Schuman (Editor). Creating a Culture of Collaboration. Jossey-Bass, 2006. ISBN 0-7879-8116-8.
  3. Collaboration, Encyclopædia Britannica Online, 2007
  4. Collaboration, Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed., (1989). J. A. Simpson & E. S. C. Weiner (eds.) Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  5. Spence, Muneera U. "Graphic Design: Collaborative Processes = Understanding Self and Others." (lecture) Art 325: Collaborative Processes. Fairbanks Hall, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon. 13 April 2006.