Cyrus the Great

founder of the Achaemenid Empire (559–529 BC)

Cyrus the Great (Persian: کوروش بزرگ, Kurush-e Bozorg, c. 590 BC or 576 – August 530 BC),[1] was the founder of the Achaemenid dynasty in today's Iran.[2] He was chosen as the leader of Persian people in Anshan, he defeated the Medes and was chosen as the Shah of the Persian Empire in 559 BC. Cyrus fought with the Lydian Empire and the Babylonian Empire. Before leaving Babylon, Cyrus also freed the Israelites who were imprisoned by Babylonians and allowed Jews to return to their native land.[3]

Cyrus' tomb
"I am Cyrus the king, an Achaemenid." in Old Persian, Elamite and Akkadian languages. It is carved in a column in Pasargadae

He wrote the Cyrus Cylinder outlining his actions and policies. Cyrus died, probably in battle, in Pasargadae. His tomb remains in Pasargadae in Iran. Cyrus was famous for justice and kindness.[4]


  1. Dandamaev, M. A. (1989). A political history of the Achaemenid empire. Leiden: Brill. p. 373. ISBN 90-04-09172-6
  2. "ACHAEMENID DYNASTY – Encyclopaedia Iranica". Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  3. Perrot, Jean; Collon, Dominique (28 August 2013). The Palace of Darius at Susa: The Great Royal Residence of Achaemenid Persia. Bloomsbury Academic. ISBN 9781848856219. Retrieved 11 October 2020.
  4. Kohl, Benjamin G.; Witt, Ronald G.; Welles, Elizabeth B. (1978). "The Earthly Republic: Italian Humanists on Government and Society". Manchester University Press. ISBN 9780719007347. Retrieved 11 October 2020.