dialect of the Persian language spoken in Afghanistan
(Redirected from Dari (Persian))

Dari (Fārsī-ye Darī) is a dialect of the Persian language. It is the Persian language as spoken in Afghanistan. It is the second official language of Afghanistan,[5] and is widely used by the government and most media agencies. It is mainly spoken by the Tajiks and other minority groups. A small minority also exists in parts of Pakistan closest to these named regions.[6] It is sometimes called Farsi. People in Afghanistan and Iran who speak Persian can understand each other. The name Dari was given to the Persian language at a very early date.[7]

Native to Afghanistan
RegionCentral Asia, West Asia, South Asia
Native speakers
(Spoken by more than 27%, and understood by over 50% of Afghanistan population.[1] Also spoken and understood by around 2.5 million people in Pakistan and Iran with communities who speak Dari as their primary language.[2] cited 1992–2000)
to 8–9 million[3]
DialectsKaboli, Mazari, Herati, Badakhshi, Panjshiri, Laghmani, Sistani, Aimaqi, Hazaragi[4]
Persian alphabet
Official status
Official language in
Regulated byAcademy of Sciences of Afghanistan
Language codes
ISO 639-3Variously:
prs – Dari, Afghan Persian
aiq – Aimaq
haz – Hazaragi
Linguasphere58-AAC-ce (Dari) + 58-AAC-cdo & cdp (Hazaragi) + 58-AAC-ck (Aimaq)
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

Historically, Dari was the court language of the Sassanids.[8]



  1. Wahab, Shaista (2006). Beginner's Dari. Hippocrene Books. p. 1. ISBN 978-0-7818-1139-2.
  2. "Dari language, alphabet and pronunciation". Omniglot.com. Retrieved 2012-08-26.
  3. Tajiks 5-6m; Hazaras 3-3.5 m; Aymāqs 3.5-4 m
  4. "Iranica, "Afghanistan: v.Languages", Table 11". Archived from the original on 2010-12-08. Retrieved 2013-03-08.
  5. "Article Sixteen of the Constitution of Afghanistan". 2004. Archived from the original on October 28, 2013. Retrieved June 13, 2012. From among the languages of Pashto, Dari, Uzbeki, Turkmani, Baluchi, Pashai, Nuristani, Pamiri (alsana), Arab and other languages spoken in the country, Pashto and Dari are the official languages of the state.
  6. Ch. M. Kieffer, "AFGHANISTAN v. Languages", in Encyclopædia Iranica, Online Edition 2010, ([1] Archived 2010-12-08 at the Wayback Machine).
  7. G. Lazard, "DARĪ", in Encyclopædia Iranica, Online Edition 2010, ([2] Archived 2010-07-23 at the Wayback Machine).
  8. Frye, R.N., "Darī", The Encylcopaedia of Islam, Brill Publications, CD version