Archbishop Desmond Mpilo Tutu (7 October 1931 – 26 December 2021) was a South African social rights activist. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983 for his work fighting apartheid in South Africa. He was the first Anglican bishop in Cape Town. He chaired the Truth and Reconciliation Commission during the 1990s which helped victims of apartheid speak out and seem justice.
|The Most Rev. Dr. Desmond Tutu|
|Archbishop Emeritus of Cape Town|
|Date of birth||7 October 1931|
|Place of birth||Klerksdorp, South Africa|
|Birth name||Desmond Mpilo Tutu|
|Date of death||26 December 2021(aged 90)|
|Place of death||Cape Town, South Africa|
|Province||Anglican Church of Southern Africa|
|Predecessor||Dr. P.W.R. Russell|
|Successor||Dr. Njongonkulu Ndungane|
|Other posts||Bishop of Lesotho|
Bishop of Johannesburg
Archbishop of Cape Town
|Titles/honors||Nobel Peace Prize|
|Known for||Fighting apartheid|
Tutu was born in Klerksdorp, Transvaal. When Tutu was twelve he moved with his family to Johannesburg. Tutu wanted to become a doctor. His family could not afford to send him to medical school, so Tutu studied at the Pretoria Bantu Normal College to become a teacher. He taught at Johannesburg Bantu High School and at Munsienville High School in Mogale City.
Tutu married Nomalizo Lea Shenxane on 2 July 1955. In 1975 he moved into what is now known as Tutu House in Soweto.
- "The Nobel Peace Prize 1984". NobelPrize.org. Retrieved 2020-09-13.
- "South African anti-apartheid campaigner Archbishop Tutu dies aged 90". Reuters. 26 December 2021. Retrieved 26 December 2021.
- Berger, Marilyn (26 December 2021). "Desmond Tutu, Whose Voice Helped Slay Apartheid, Dies at 90". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved 26 December 2021.