Desmond Tutu

South African churchman, politician, archbishop, Nobel Prize winner

Archbishop Desmond Tutu (born 7 October 1931) is a South African social rights activist. He won the Nobel Peace Prize in 1983 for his work fighting apartheid in South Africa.[1] He was the first Anglican bishop in Cape Town. He chaired the Truth and Reconciliation Commission during the 1990s which helped victims of apartheid speak out and seem justice.

The Most Rev. Dr. Desmond Tutu OMSG CH GCStJ
Archbishop Emeritus of Cape Town
Archbishop Tutu
Date of birth (1931-10-07) 7 October 1931 (age 90)
Place of birthKlerksdorp, South Africa
NationalitySouth African
ProvinceAnglican Church of Southern Africa
PredecessorDr. P.W.R. Russell
SuccessorDr. Njongonkulu Ndungane
Other postsBishop of Lesotho
Bishop of Johannesburg
Archbishop of Cape Town
Titles/honorsNobel Peace Prize
Known forFighting apartheid

Early lifeEdit

Tutu was born in Klerksdorp, Transvaal. When Tutu was twelve he moved with his family to Johannesburg. Tutu wanted to become a doctor. His family could not afford to send him to medical school, so Tutu studied at the Pretoria Bantu Normal College to become a teacher. He taught at Johannesburg Bantu High School and at Munsienville High School in Mogale City.

Personal lifeEdit

Tutu married Nomalizo Lea Shenxane on 2 July 1955. In 1975 he moved into what is now known as Tutu House in Soweto.


  1. "The Nobel Peace Prize 1984". Retrieved 2020-09-13.