Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz

grand duchy

The Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz was a duchy in northern Germany, it was about the same as the modern rural district of Mecklenburg-Strelitz. The duchy also had three exclaves near the town of Fürstenberg and the area around Ratzeburg in modern Schleswig-Holstein.

Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Herzogtum Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Flag of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Coat of arms of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Coat of arms
StatusState of the Holy Roman Empire (until 1806)
Independent duchy (1806–1808)
Member of the Confederation of the Rhine (1808–1813)
Independent duchy (1813–1815)
CapitalStrelitz then Neustrelitz
Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 
• 1701–1708
Adolphus Frederick II
• 1708–1752
Adolphus Frederick III
• 1752–1794
Adolphus Frederick IV
• 1794–1815
Charles II
• Treaty of Hamburg
• Raised to Grand Duchy
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Duchy of Mecklenburg
Grand Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
Today part of Germany



The Duchy of Mecklenburg-Strelitz was set up in 1701. The capital was Neustrelitz. In 1808, the duchy joined the Confederation of the Rhine. The Congress of Vienna made it a grand duchy and member of the German Confederation. Mecklenburg-Strelitz joined the North German Confederation in 1867, and became a part of the German Empire in 1871. On January 1, 1934 it was joined with the neighbouring state of Mecklenburg-Schwerin to form the State of Mecklenburg (today part of the federal state of Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania).

The US county Mecklenburg (Charlotte, North Carolina) is named after Mecklenburg-Strelitz and Strelitz-born Princess Charlotte (queen consort of King George III of the United Kingdom). The flower Strelitzia ("Bird of Paradise") also is in honor of her home country. Queen Luise of Prussia also was a born princess of Mecklenburg-Strelitz.

Mecklenburg-Strelitz (yellow), 1866–1934.

Dukes of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, 1701–1815

  • Adolf Friedrich II 1701–1708
  • Adolf Friedrich III 1708–1752
  • Adolf Friedrich IV 17521794
  • Karl II of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1794–1815

Grand Dukes of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, 1815–1918

  • Charles II, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1815–1816
  • Georg, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz 1816–1860
  • Friedrich Wilhelm 1860–1904
  • Adolf Friedrich V 1904–1914
  • Adolf Friedrich VI 19141918
  • Friedrich Franz IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin 1918 (Regent)

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