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Eastern Front (World War II)

theatre of World War II, war between Nazi Germany and the USSR 1941–1945
Eastern front in 1943 and 1944

The Eastern Front during World War II was the conflict between the Axis countries and the Soviet Union. It began in 1941 with Operation Barbarossa, and ended in 1945 when the Soviet soldiers captured Berlin. Both the Axis countries and the Soviet Union had a lot of soldiers, and the fighting was very brutal. It is also called "The Great Patriotic War" in the Soviet Union, and it is sometimes called "The Soviet-German War" in Europe and America.

Most of the Axis soldiers who died in World War II died on the Eastern Front. Millions of Soviet soldiers also died. Many war crimes were committed, mostly by the Axis soldiers. The Eastern Front was the most important conflict in Europe during World War II.