Elizabeth Blackburn

Australian-born American biological researcher

Elizabeth Helen Blackburn is an Australian-American molecular biologist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2009.

Elizabeth Blackburn

Elizabeth Blackburn CHF Heritage Day 2012 Rush 001.JPG
With AIC Gold Medal, 2012
Born
Elizabeth Helen Blackburn

(1948-11-26) 26 November 1948 (age 71)
Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
CitizenshipAustralian and American
Alma mater
Awards
Scientific career
FieldsMolecular biology
Institutions
ThesisSequence studies on bacteriophage ØX174 DNA by transcription (1974)
Doctoral advisorFrederick Sanger[1]
Doctoral studentsinclude Carol W. Greider
Websitebiochemistry2.ucsf.edu/labs/blackburn

WorkEdit

Blackburn won the Nobel Prize with Americans Jack Szostak and Carol Greider for their work on chromosomes. They researched the way that telomeres protect the chromosomes in cells. Chromosomes are the part of the cell that carries genetic information. Telomeres are the ends of chromosomes. Blackburn outlined the DNA sequence of an organism called Tetrahymena. Blackburn discovered that telomeres can help prevent cancer and other diseases. Blackburn is the first Australian woman to win a Nobel Prize. She also received the Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award in 2006.[2][3]

LifeEdit

Blackburn was born in Hobart, Tasmania on November 26, 1948. She was the daughter of Harold and Marcia Blackburn. She went to Broadford girls school in Launceston, and later Melbourne University High School. She studied biochemistry at the University of Melbourne, completed her PhD at the University of Cambridge, Darwin College, and did postdoctoral work at Yale University.[4] She is now Professor of Biology and Physiology at the University of California, San Francisco. She married John W. Sedat in 1975, and has one child, Ben Sedat. She became a United States citizen in 2003.[5]

AchievementsEdit

She won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2009. On January 26, 2010, the Australian Government made Blackburn a Companion of the Order of Australia. In 2007, she won the Albert Lasker Medical Research Award in Basic Medical Research in 2007, and was named one the top 100 most influential people by Time magazine.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
  2. "Blackburn, Elizabeth Helen." World Book Advanced, World Book, 2017. Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.
  3. "Elizabeth H. Blackburn." Scientists: Their Lives and Works, UXL, 2006. Student Resources in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/K2641500021/SUIC?u=palo88030&xid=18a6d07d. Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.
  4. "Blackburn, Elizabeth Helen." World Book Advanced, World Book, 2017. Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.
  5. "Elizabeth H. Blackburn." Scientists: Their Lives and Works, UXL, 2006. Student Resources in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/K2641500021/SUIC?u=palo88030&xid=18a6d07d. Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.
  6. "Elizabeth Blackburn." Newsmakers, vol. 1, Gale, 2010. Student Resources in Context. Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.