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Elizabeth Blackburn

Australian-born American biological researcher

Elizabeth Helen Blackburn is an Australian-American molecular biologist who won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2009.

Elizabeth Blackburn

Elizabeth Blackburn CHF Heritage Day 2012 Rush 001.JPG
With AIC Gold Medal, 2012
Born
Elizabeth Helen Blackburn

(1948-11-26) 26 November 1948 (age 70)
Hobart, Tasmania, Australia
ResidenceUS
CitizenshipAustralian and American
Alma mater
Awards
Scientific career
FieldsMolecular biology
Institutions
ThesisSequence studies on bacteriophage ØX174 DNA by transcription (1974)
Doctoral advisorFrederick Sanger[1]
Doctoral studentsinclude Carol W. Greider
Websitebiochemistry2.ucsf.edu/labs/blackburn

Contents

WorkEdit

Blackburn won the Nobel Prize with Americans Jack Szostak and Carol Greider for their work on chromosomes. They researched the way that telomeres protect the chromosomes in cells. Chromosomes are the part of the cell that carries  genetic information. Telomeres are the ends of chromosomes. Blackburn outlined the DNA sequence of an organism. This organism is called Tetrahymena. Blackburn made important discoveries about this organism. She learned that telomeres can help prevent cancer and other diseases.  Blackburn is the first Australian woman to win a Nobel Prize. She also received the Albert Lasker Basic Medical Research Award in 2006.[2][3]

LifeEdit

Blackburn was born in Hobart, Tasmania on November 26, 1948. She was the daughter of Harold and Marcia Blackburn. She went to Broadford girls school in Launceston, and later Melbourne University High School. She studied biochemistry at the University of Melbourne and completed her PhD at the University of Cambridge, Darwin College. She gained more education at Yale University.[4] She began her work as a research fellow at Yale University. She was there from 1975- 1977. She is now Professor of Biology and Physiology at the University of California, San Francisco. She married John W. Sedat in 1975. She became a United States citizen in 2003. [5]

AchievementsEdit

She won the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 2009. On January 26, 2010, the Australian Government made Blackburn a Companion of the Order of Australia.She has one child, Ben Sedat. She was named one the top 100 most influential people in 2007 by Time magazine.[6]

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 2009". Nobel Foundation. Retrieved 2009-10-05.
  2. "Blackburn, Elizabeth Helen." World Book Advanced, World Book, 2017. Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.
  3. "Elizabeth H. Blackburn." Scientists: Their Lives and Works, UXL, 2006. Student Resources in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/K2641500021/SUIC?u=palo88030&xid=18a6d07d. Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.
  4. "Blackburn, Elizabeth Helen." World Book Advanced, World Book, 2017. Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.
  5. "Elizabeth H. Blackburn." Scientists: Their Lives and Works, UXL, 2006. Student Resources in Context, link.galegroup.com/apps/doc/K2641500021/SUIC?u=palo88030&xid=18a6d07d. Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.
  6. "Elizabeth Blackburn." Newsmakers, vol. 1, Gale, 2010. Student Resources in Context. Accessed 12 Apr. 2017.