Emperor Richū (履中天皇, Richū-tennō) was the 17th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. Historians consider details about the life of Emperor Richū to be possibly legendary, but probable. The name Richū-tennō was created for him posthumously by later generations.
|Emperor of Japan|
Mozu no Mimihara no naka no misasagi (Osaka)
Some scholars identify him with King San in the Book of Song. King San sent messengers to the Song Dynasty at least twice in 421 and 425; and this historical person was succeeded by his younger brother.
No certain dates can be assigned to this emperor's life or reign. The conventionally accepted names and sequence of the early emperors were not to be confirmed as "traditional" until the reign of Emperor Kammu, who was the 50th monarch of the Yamato dynasty.
Richū had two sons; but he was followed on the throne by his brother, who would become known as Emperor Hanzei. The enthronement of Hanzei by-passed Richū's two sons. Few other details have survived.
Events of Richū's lifeEdit
In his sixth year of his reign, Richū died.
After his deathEdit
According to the Imperial Household Agency, the emperor's final resting place is in an earthen tumulus (kofun) at Sakai. Richū is venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) which is associated with the burial mound.
- Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō), 履中天皇 (17); retrieved 2011-10-16.
- Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 24-25; Varley, Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, p. 111; Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric et al. (2002). "Traditional order of Tennō" in Japan encyclopedia, pp. 962-963.
- Kelly, Charles F. "Kofun Culture," Japanese Archaeology. April 27, 2009; retrieved 2011-10-16.
- Aston, William George. (1998). Nihongi, Vol. 1, pp. 301-311.
- Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 30.
- Aston, William. (1896). Nihongi, pp. 109.
- Ponsonby-Fane, p. 39.
- Titsingh, pp. 34-36; Brown, pp. 261-262; Varley, pp. 123-124.
- Aston (1998), pp. 146-147.
Media related to Emperor Richu at Wikimedia Commons
| Legendary Emperor of Japan