Esch-sur-Alzette (Luxembourgish: Esch-Uelzecht, German: Esch-an-der-Alzette or Esch-an-der-Alzig, French: Esch-sur-Alzette) is a commune with city status in south-western Luxembourg, capital of the canton Esch-sur-Alzette.
The town seen from the Gaalgebierg park.
Map showing, in orange, the Esch-sur-Alzette commune
|• Mayor||Georges Mischo|
|• Total||14.4 km2 (5.6 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||426 m (1,398 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||279 m (915 ft)|
|• Density||2,400/km2 (6,200/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
For a long time Esch-sur-Alzette was a small farming village in the valley of the Alzette river. This changed when important amounts of iron ore were found in the area in the 1850s. With the development of the mines and the steel industry the town's population multiplied tenfold in a couple of decades.
On 29 May 1906, Esch-sur-Alzette was promoted to city.
The commune is in the valley of the Alzette river, a right tributary of the Sauer river and which flows through the town, and has an area of 14.4 km2 (5.6 sq mi). The altitude is 279–426 m (915–1,398 ft) high. At the city hall, the altitude is 287 m (942 ft) high.
Esch-sur-Alzette is surrounded by six communes of Luxembourg: Mondercange to the north, Schifflange to the northeast, Kayl to the east, Rumelange to the southeast and Sanem to the northwest. To the southwest, the commune borders the Audun-le-Tiche commune in the Moselle department of France; and to the west Russange also in the Moselle department.
Evolution of the population in Esch-sur-Alzette
Twinned and partner townsEdit
- "Surface area of the cantons and municipalities". Statistics Portal - Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Retrieved 27 May 2016.
- "Population by canton and municipality 1821 - 2017". Statistics Portal - Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Retrieved 30 December 2017.
- "Mémorial A, 1906, No. 34" (PDF). Service central de législation. Retrieved 1 June 2016.(French)/(German)
- "Altitudes of the different localities per cantons (in m)". Statistics Portal - Grand Duchy of Luxembourg. Retrieved 10 June 2016.
- "Le jumelage, un partenariat stratégique entre villes" (in French). La Ville de Esch-sur-Alzette. Retrieved 1 June 2016.