Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic

republic of the Soviet Union (1940-1991)

The Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic,[1] or Estonian SSR or ESSR, was a republic of the Soviet Union. It was administered by and subordinated to the Government of the Soviet Union.

Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistlik Vabariik
Type of subdivision of (the) Former Country
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
Anthem of the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic
Location of Estonian SSR
Location of the Estonian SSR (red) within the Soviet Union.
Capital Tallinn
Government Soviet Socialist Republic
Historical era World War II · Cold War
 •  Soviet occupation June 16, 1940
 •  SSR established July 21, 1940
 •  Illegally annexed by USSR, Estonia continued de jure August 9, 1940
 •  Nazi occupation 1941
 •  Soviet re-occupation
SSR re-established
 •  Estonian Sovereignty Declaration November 16, 1988
 •  Singing Revolution 1988
 •  Disestablished August 20, 1991
 •  Recognized September 6, 1991
 •  1989 45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi)
 •  1989 1,565,662 
Density 34.6 /km2  (89.7 /sq mi)

The ESSR replaced the Republic of Estonia on 21 July 1940, after the invasion of Soviet troops on 17 June 1940. A puppet government backed by the Soviet Union, declared Estonia to be a Soviet state. The Estonian SSR was taken into the USSR on 9 August 1940. The independence of the Republic of Estonia was reestablished on 20 August 1991.


  1. Estonian: Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistlik Vabariik; Russian: Эстонская Советская Социалистическая Республика, Estonskaya Sovetskaya Sotsalisticheskaya Respublika