Eugene O'Neill

American playwright (1888–1953)

Eugene Gladstone O'Neill (October 16, 1888 – November 27, 1953) was an American playwright. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1936. He won four Pulitzer Prizes throughout the 1920s and one even after his death in 1957.

Eugene O'Neill
Portrait of O'Neill by Alice Boughton
Portrait of O'Neill by Alice Boughton
BornEugene Gladstone O'Neill
(1888-10-16)October 16, 1888
New York City, New York, U.S.
DiedNovember 27, 1953(1953-11-27) (aged 65)
Boston, Massachusetts, U.S.
Notable awardsNobel Prize in Literature (1936)
Pulitzer Prize for Drama (1920, 1922, 1928, 1957)
Tony Award for Best Play (1957)
Kathleen Jenkins
(m. 1909; div. 1912)

Agnes Boulton
(m. 1918; div. 1929)

ParentsJames O'Neill
Mary Ellen Quinlan


Early life change

O'Neill was born on October 16, 1888 in a hotel room in New York City, New York.[1] He studied at Princeton University and at Harvard University. O'Neill's parents were immigrants from Ireland.

Career change

O'Neill's best-known stage works include, Anna Christie (for which he won the Pulitzer Prize, 1922), Desire Under the Elms (1924), Strange Interlude (for which he won the Pulitzer Prize, 1928), Mourning Becomes Electra (1931), and his only well-known comedy, Ah, Wilderness! (1933).

O'Neill won the Nobel Prize in Literature in 1936. He won four Pulitzer Prize for Drama for his works on stage.

Personal life change

O'Neill was married to Kathleen Jenkins from 1909 until they divorced in 1911. They had one son. Then, he was married to Agnes Boulton from 1918 until they divorced in 1929. They had one son and one daughter. A granddaughter from this marriage is the actress Geraldine Chaplin.

After this divorce, he was married to Carlotta Monterey from 1929 until his death in 1953. O'Neill was an Agnostic.[2]

O'Neill was a anarchist socialist.

Death change

O'Neill died on November 27, 1953 at a hotel room in Boston, Massachusetts from cerebellar cortical atrophy, a neurological disease. He was 65 years old. As he was dying, he whispered his last words: "I knew it. I knew it. Born in a hotel room and died in a hotel room."[3]

Books change

  • O'Neill, Eugene; Bogard, Travis (1988). Complete Plays 1913–1920. The Library of America. Vol. 40. New York: Literary Classics. ISBN 978-0-940450-48-6.
  • O'Neill, Eugene; Bogard, Travis (1988). Complete Plays 1920–1931. The Library of America. Vol. 41. New York: Literary Classics. ISBN 978-0-940450-49-3.
  • O'Neill, Eugene; Bogard, Travis (1988). Complete Plays 1932–1943. The Library of America. Vol. 42. New York: Literary Classics. ISBN 978-0-940450-50-9.
  • Black, Stephen A. (2002). Eugene O'Neill: Beyond Mourning and Tragedy. Yale University press. ISBN 0-300-09399-3.
  • Floyd, Virginia (1985). The Plays of Eugene O'Neill: A New Assessment. Frederick Unger. ISBN 0-8044-2206-0.
  • Gelb, Arthur & Barbara (2000). O'Neill: Life with Monte Christo. Applause/Penguin Putnam. ISBN 0-399-14912-0.
  • Sheaffer, Louis (2002) [1968]. O'Neill Volume I: Son and Playwright. Cooper Square Press. ISBN 0-8154-1243-6.

References change

  1. Arthur Gelb (1957-10-17). "O'Neill's Birthplace Is Marked By Plaque at Times Square Site". The New York Times. p. 35. Retrieved 2008-11-13.
  2. John Patrick Diggins (2010). Eugene O'Neill's America: Desire Under Democracy. p. 223. ISBN 9781459605916. O'Neill, an agnostic and an anarchist, maintained little hope in religion or politics and saw institutions not serving to preserve liberty but standing in the way of the birth of true freedom.
  3. Sheaffer, Louis. O'Neill: Son and Artist. Little, Brown & Co., 1973 ISBN 0-316-78337-4

Other websites change