Euphrates

river in Asia

The Euphrates is the western of the two rivers that define the borders of Mesopotamia. The other is the Tigris, which joins the Euphrates to form the Shatt-al-Arab and flow into the Persian Gulf. Several dams have been built since the 1970s. As a result, less water flows down the river into the sea.

Euphrates
Tigr-euph.png
Map of the Tigris-Euphrates Watershed
Location
CountriesTurkey, Syria, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait and Iraq
Physical characteristics
Source 
 - locationEastern Turkey
 - elevation4,500 m
MouthShatt al Arab
Length2,800 km
Basin size765,831 km²
Discharge 
 - average818 m³/s