Fabergé egg

Jeweled Easter eggs mostly commissioned by the Czar of Russia

A Fabergé egg is one of the jewelled eggs made by Peter Carl Fabergé and his company between 1885 and 1917.[1]

The most famous are those made for the Russian Tsars Alexander III and Nicholas II. They were Easter gifts for their wives and mothers, and are called the 'Imperial' Fabergé eggs. The House of Fabergé made about 52 imperial eggs, of which 46 have survived.[2] Two more were planned for Easter 1918, but were not delivered, due to the Russian Revolution.[3]

List of Fabergé Tsar Imperial Easter eggsEdit

Below is a list of the eggs made for the Russian imperial family.[4]

Date Egg Image Description Owner
1885 First Hen Egg   Also known as the Jewelled Hen Egg, it was the first in a series of 54 jeweled eggs made for the Russian Imperial family under Peter Carl Fabergé's supervision. The tsarina and the tsar enjoyed the egg so much that Alexander III ordered a new egg from Fabergé for his wife every Easter Viktor Vekselberg
1886 Hen egg with sapphire pendant Also known as the Egg with hen in basket, it was made in 1886 for Alexander III, who presented it to his wife, the Empress Maria Feodorovna LOST
1887 Third Imperial Egg   A jewelled and ridged yellow gold egg with Vacheron & Constantin watch. It is on its original tripod pedestal. In 2014, it was bought by London-based jeweler Wartski on behalf of a private collector.[5] Private Collection
1888 Cherub with chariot Egg   Also known as the Angel with egg in chariot, made and delivered in 1888 to Alexander III. This is one of the lost Imperial eggs. Few details are known about it LOST
1889 Nécessaire Egg Crafted and delivered to Alexander III, who presented it to his wife, Maria Feodorovna, on Easter 1889. LOST
1890 Danish palaces Egg   Crafted and delivered to Alexander III, who presented it to his wife, Maria Feodorovna, on Easter 1890. Matilda Geddings Gray Foundation.[6]
1891 Memory of Azov Egg   Kremlin Armoury, Moscow, Russia
1892 Diamond trellis Egg   Private collection
1893 Caucasus Egg   Matilda Geddings Gray Foundation.[7]
1894 Renaissance Egg   Viktor Vekselberg
1895 Rosebud Egg   Viktor Vekselberg
1895 Blue serpent clock Egg Before March 2014 mistaken for the Third Imperial Egg Albert II of Monaco collection, Monte-Carlo, Monaco
1896 Rock crystal Egg   Also known as the revolving miniatures egg Virginia Museum of Fine Arts
1896 Twelve monograms Egg   Also known as the Alexander III portraits egg.[8] Surprise is missing. Hillwood Museum, Washington D.C.
1897 Imperial Coronation Egg   Viktor Vekselberg
1897 Mauve Egg Only the egg's surprise has survived. LOST
Viktor Vekselberg
1898 Lilies of the Valley Egg   The egg is one of two in Art Nouveau style. It was presented on April 5 to Tsar Nicholas II, and was used as a gift to the tsaritsa, Empress Alexandra Fyodorovna. Viktor Vekselberg
1898 Pelican Egg   Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia, USA
1899 Bouquet of lilies clock egg   Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1899 Pansy egg   The egg's surprise Matilda Gray Stream, US
1900 Trans-Siberian Railway egg   Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1900 Cockerel egg   Viktor Vekselberg
1901 Basket of flowers   Royal Collection, London, United Kingdom
1901 Gatchina Palace egg   Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, Maryland
1902 Clover leaf egg   Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1902 Empire nephrite egg   Surprise – miniature portrait of Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia and Duke Peter Alexandrovich of Oldenburg (original lost) Private collection, New York City
1903 Peter the Great egg   Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia, USA
1903 Royal Danish egg   LOST
1904 No eggs made
1905 No eggs made
1906 Moscow Kremlin egg   Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1906 Swan egg Edouard and Maurice Sandoz Foundation, Switzerland
1907 Rose trellis egg   Walters Art Museum, Baltimore, Maryland, USA
1907 Love trophies egg or 'Cradle with garlands' egg Private Collection
1908 Alexander Palace egg   Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1908 Peacock egg) Edouard and Maurice Sandoz Foundation, Switzerland
1909 Standart yacht egg   Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1909 Alexander III commemorative egg   LOST
1910 Colonnade egg   Royal Collection, London, UK
1910 Alexander III equestrian egg   Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1911 Fifteenth anniversary egg   Viktor Vekselberg
1911 Bay tree egg   Also known as the Orange Tree Egg Viktor Vekselberg
1912 Tsarevich egg   Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia
1912 Napoleonic egg   Matilda Geddings Gray Foundation. Displayed at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York
1913 Romanov tercentenary egg   Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1913 Winter egg The State of Qatar
1914 Mosaic egg   Royal Collection, London, UK
1914 Grisaille egg or Catherine the Great egg   The egg was made by Henrik Wigström, Fabergé's last head workmaster. It was given to Maria Fedrovna by her son Nicholas II. Its surprise (now lost) was "a mechanical sedan chair, carried by two blackamoors, with Catherine the Great seated inside".[9] Hillwood Museum, Washington, D.C., USA
1915 Red Cross with triptych egg   Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
1915 Red Cross with imperial portraits   Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia
1916 Steel military egg   Kremlin Armoury, Moscow
1916 Order of St. George egg   Made during World War I, the egg commemorates the Order of St. George awarded to Emperor Nicholas and his son, the Grand Duke Alexei Nikolaievich.[10] This and the previous egg were given a modest design in keeping with the austerity of World War I.[11] Fabergé billed 13,347 rubles for the two.[10] The Order of St. George egg left Bolshevik Russia with its original recipient, the Dowager Empress Maria Feodorovna.[12] Viktor Vekselberg
1917 Karelian birch egg Made in 1917, the egg was due to be completed and delivered to the tsar that Easter, as a present for his mother, the Empress Maria Feodorovna. Before the egg could be delivered, the February Revolution took place and Nicholas II was forced to abdicate on March 15. On April 25, Fabergé sent the Tsar an invoice for the egg, addressing Nicholas II not as "Tsar of all the Russians" but as "Mr. Romanov, Nikolai Aleksandrovich". Nicholas paid 12,500 rubles. The egg was sent to Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich at his palace, for presentation to the empress, but the duke fled before it arrived. The egg remained in the palace until it was looted after the October Revolution. Alexander Ivanov. Displayed at Ivanov's Fabergé Museum in Baden-Baden, Germany.
1917 Constellation egg   Because of the Russian Revolution, this egg was never finished or presented to Tsar Nicholas's wife, the Tsaritsa Alexandra Feodorovna. Two eggs have claims to be the Constellation egg: one held at Fersman Mineralogical Museum in Moscow and the other in the possession of Alexander Ivanov and displayed at Ivanov's Fabergé Museum in Baden-Baden, Germany. Fersman Mineralogical Museum, Moscow or the Fabergé Museum in Baden-Baden.

List of the Kelch eggsEdit

Faberge also made eggs for Alexander Kelch, a Siberian gold mine industrialist, as gifts for his wife Barbara (Varvara) Kelch-Bazanova. Most are copies of other eggs.

Date Egg Image Description Owner
1898 Kelch Hen Egg   Viktor Vekselberg
1899 Twelve Panel Egg Royal Collection, London, UK
1900 Pine Cone Egg Private collection
1901 Apple Blossom Egg   Liechtenstein National Museum
1902 Rocaille Egg   Dorothy and Artie McFerrin collection
1903 Bonbonnière Egg Private collection
1904 Kelch Chanticleer Egg   Viktor Vekselberg

Other Fabergé eggsEdit

Date Egg Image Description Owner
1885–91 Blue Striped Enamel Egg Private collection
1902 Duchess of Marlborough Egg   Viktor Vekselberg
1902 Rothschild Egg   Hermitage Museum, Saint Petersburg, Russia
1907 Youssoupov Egg Edouard and Maurice Sandoz Foundation, Switzerland
1914 Nobel Ice Egg   Dorothy and Artie McFerrin collection
1885–89 Resurrection Egg   possibly the surprise from the 1894 Renaissance Egg[13] Viktor Vekselberg
1899–1903 Spring Flowers Egg   Possibly not Fabergé Viktor Vekselberg
1899–1903 Scandinavian Egg   Viktor Vekselberg
1895 Egg-Stamp A seal, made of red gold, surrounding the upper part of the Egg and bowenite, decorated with 19 diamonds. At the top of the Egg six rubies, cabochons on garlands, and three rubies, cabochons on the chest of the cherubs. Private collection

ReferencesEdit

  1. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-06-25. Retrieved 2015-09-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. "A Fabergé egg is not just for Easter". 23 March 2008. Retrieved 10 September 2019 – via www.telegraph.co.uk.
  3. https://nationalpost.com/entertainment/egg-week-the-story-behind-the-worlds-largest-and-most-expensive-easter-egg-hunt
  4. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-04. Retrieved 2015-09-30.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. Singh, Anita (18 March 2014). "The £20m Fabergé egg that was almost sold for scrap". The Telegraph. Retrieved 19 March 2014.
  6. Housed in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, New York, planned to be till 2016. "Fabergé from the Matilda Geddings Gray Foundation Collection November 22, 2011–November 27, 2016". Museum of Modern Art. Retrieved 2015-09-05.
  7. Displayed in the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, New York.
  8. Hillwood Museum have identified the twelve monograms Egg previously dated to 1895 as the Alexander III portraits egg of 1896, [1]
  9. "Hillwood Estate, Museum & Gardens - The Catherine the Great Egg". hillwoodmuseum.org. Retrieved 10 September 2019.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Faberge - Treasures of Imperial Russia
  11. "Mieks Fabergé". August 2013.
  12. "Faberge". Treasures of Imperial Russia. Retrieved 2012-03-26.
  13. "Faberge - Treasures of Imperial Russia". web.archive.org. 21 September 2013. Retrieved 10 September 2019.

ReferencesEdit