Francesco Filippini

Italian impressionist painter and theorist (1853-1895), founder of the Filippinism

Francesco Filippini (18 September 1853 – 6 March 1895) was an Italian painter from Lombardy.[1] Filippini is considered one of the most important landscape painters of the 1900s.

Francesco Filippini
Francesco Filippini, self-portrait
Born18 September 1853
Brescia, Italy
Died6 March 1895
Milan, Italy
Known forlandscapes, seascapes

Filippini was born in Brescia, in Lombardy in northern Italy, on 18 September 1853, into a poor family. His father Lorenzo was a carpenter, his mother Silvia Signoria a seamstress. He was soon sent to work, first as a waiter in a pastry shop, later as a clerk to a notary.[1]

Filippini attended the school of drawing at the Pinacoteca Tosio in Brescia, In 1872 he received a grant from the city council to continue his studies there.[1] In 1875 he received an allowance to study under Giuseppe Bertini in Milan.[2]: 79  In 1879 another grant allowed him to travel to Paris to visit the Salon, the official art exhibition of the French Fine Arts Academy.[1]

Filippini exhibited at the annual shows of the Accademia di Belle Arti di Brera in Milan from 1879, and from 1880 lived in that city. He made his living by teaching, both in schools and privately. He was made an honorary member of the Accademia di Brera in 1878.[1]

He died in Milan on 6 March 1895.[1]

When he was young, Filipinni painted mostly religious or historical subjects,[3] as well as some portraits. In later life he painted mostly landscapes – of the Apennines, the Lombardy countryside and the Alps. He also made paintings of the sea near Genova, Naples and Venice. His work shows the influence of the Scapigliatura.[1][4]

A selection of works:



  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 Valerio Terraroli (1997). Filippini, Francesco (in Italian). Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, volume 47. Roma: Istituto dell'Enciclopedia Italiana. Retrieved 18 February 2018 (in Italian).
  2. Vespasiano Bignami (ed.) (1900). La pittura lombarda nel secolo XIX (exhibition catalogue, in Italian). Milan: Tipografia Capriolo e Massimino for the Società per le Belle Arti.
  3. Filippini, Francesco. Benezit Dictionary of Artists. Oxford Art Online. Oxford: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 18 February 2018 (subscription required).
  4. Lissoni, Elena (2009). "Francesco Filippini". Fondazione Cariplo. Retrieved 18 February 2018 (in Italian).
  5. Sotheby's (December 19, 2007) "Peinture et sculptures du XIXe siècle, numéro de vente MI0283". Sotheby's. Accessed on June 7, 2022.

Further reading


  Media related to Francesco Filippini at Wikimedia Commons

  • Editorial staff (4 November 2015). "Francesco Filippini, il dossier. Uno splendido pittore morto a 42 anni di tisi". StileArte (in Italian)
  • Vasco Frati (1999). Francesco Filippini: 1853-1895: un protagonista del naturalismo lombardo (exhibition catalogue, in Italian). Milan:Skira. ISBN 9788881186716. (in Italian)