Francoist Spain (Spanish: España franquista) or the Francoist dictatorship (dictadura franquista), was the period of Spanish history between 1939 and 1975, when Francisco Franco ruled Spain. During this time period Spain was officially known as the Spanish State (Estado Español). After Franco’s death, Spain turned into a democracy.
Coat of arms
|Motto: Una, Grande y Libre|
("One, Great and Free")
|Anthem: Marcha Granadera|
and largest city
|Religion||Roman Catholicism (official)|
|Head of state|
|Head of Government|
|Luis Carrero Blanco|
|Carlos Arias Navarro|
|Historical era||World War II, Cold War|
|17 July 1936|
|1 April 1939|
|6 July 1947|
|14 December 1955|
|1 January 1967|
|20 November 1975|
|1940||796,030 km2 (307,350 sq mi)|
|Today part of|| Equatorial Guinea|
During the Spanish Civil War, Francisco Franco led the nationalists supported by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. The republicans were supported by the Soviet Union, Mexico, and France. The dictatorship was created right after the nationalists won. Francisco Franco made himself the Caudillo of Spain and ruled until his death in 1975.
Francisco Franco promoted ultranationalism. He did not allow the use of regional languages such as Catalan, Basque, Galician, and promoted Spanish as the only official language.
- ↑ (in Spanish) "Resumen general de la población de España en 31 de Diciembre de 1940". INE. Retrieved 11 October 2014.