Free State of Prussia

former federated state of Germany between 1918 and 1947

The Free State of Prussia (German: Freistaat Preußen) was a state of Germany from 1918 to 1947. It was formed in 1918 in Weimar Republic after the German Empire and its state, the Kingdom of Prussia collapsed in 1918 in World War 1 and the German Revolution Of 1918–1919. It’s German Colonies in Africa,Asia and Oceania and the Pacific Ocean which were lost and occupied by Britain,France,Belgium,Portugal and Japan,Australia . Kaiser Wilhelm II the last Kaiser of Germany who replaced his father Friedrich III of Germany in 1888 was forced to surrender the Prussian Throne in 1918. During the Interwar period from 1918–1939, the Weimar Era Germany was very poor when The Great Depression began in 1929. However, in 1933 Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party took over and formed a new German Reich aka the Greater German Reich and aka the Third Reich (Nazi Germany) just like Otto von Bismarck formed Germany in 1871 after the Franco-Prussian War and the defeat of Napoleon III. After the end of World War 2 in 1945, the Free State Of Prussia dissolved in 1947, and in 1949 Germany got split into West Germany (Federal Republic Of Germany) and East Germany (German Democratic Republic) and Berlin was split into West Berlin and East Berlin by the Allies until the Berlin Wall was built in 1961 where it lasted 28 years until the Fall of the Berlin Wall in 1989. Today the Free State Of Prussia became Schleswig-Holstein,Lower Saxony,Brandenburg,Pomerania,Rhineland-Palatinate and other States of Germany while East Prussia became part of the Soviet Union in 1945 which Joseph Stalin took from the Nazis and today it is called Kaliningrad in Russia (Russian Federation) since 1991 after the 1947–1991 Cold War with the United States Of America,Britain and France . The Presidents of the Free State Of Prussia were Friedrich Ebert from 1919-to 1925 and Paul von Hindenburg from 1925 to 1934. The last President of Nazi Germany was Admiral Karl Dönitz who surrendered Nazi Germany in May 1945 after Adolf Hitler’s death on 30 April .

Free State of Prussia
Freistaat Preußen
State of Germany
1918–1947
Map-WR-Prussia.svg
The Free State of Prussia in 1925
CapitalBerlin
Area 
• 1925[1]
292,695.36 km2 (113,010.31 sq mi)
Population 
• 1925[1]
38,175,986
History
Government
 • TypeRepublic
 • MottoGott mit uns
"God with us"
Reichsstatthalter 
• 1933–1935
Adolf Hitler
• 1935–1945
Hermann Göring
Minister-President 
• 1918 (first)
Friedrich Ebert
• 1933–1945 (last)
Hermann Göring
LegislatureState Diet
• Upper Chamber
State Council
• Lower Chamber
House of Representatives
Historical eraInterwar/World War II
9 November 1918
30 November 1920
20 July 1932
30 January 1933
30 January 1935
25 February 1947
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Kingdom of Prussia
Allied-occupied Germany
Polish People's Republic
Soviet Union
Today part ofGermany
Poland
Russia
Lithuania

ReferencesEdit

  1. Beckmanns Welt-Lexikon und Welt-Atlas. Leipzig / Vienna: Verlagsanstalt Otto Beckmann. 1931.