The Gräfenberg spot (usually called G-spot) is defined as a highly sensitive area near the entrance inside of the human vagina. It is believed to be a part of the urethral sponge. Some people believe it is a bundle of nerves in the female human reproductive system. If the area is stimulated, this can cause pleasurable sensations, female ejaculation and a strong orgasm in some women. Some doctors and researchers who specialize in the anatomy of women say that there is no anatomical evidence for the spot.
The "G-spot" concept was named by Addiego and others in 1981 or by Beverly Whipple and others in 1982. It is named after the German gynaecologist, Ernst Gräfenberg. Gräfenberg wrote first about The Role of Urethra in Female Orgasm in 1950. A book was first published about the G-spot in 1982, called The G Spot and Other Recent Discoveries About Human Sexuality, by three authors from the United States: Alice Kahn Ladas, a psychologist; Beverly Whipple, a registered nurse and sex counselor; and John D. Perry, a psychologist.
Although typically described as near the entrance inside of the vagina, reports of the G-spot's location vary and therefore it has no specific place to be found. However, there are two methods which are used to find it:
- self-reported levels of sexual arousal/pleasure
- stimulating an area in the vagina leads to female ejaculation
Some women say that they have "deeper" orgasms when the G-spot is stimulated. One research team experimented with the vagina by trying to touch the G-spot in certain places under experimental conditions; they found that in most cases, women had a sensitive area near the front of the vagina.
Some people, including doctors, do not believe that the G-spot exists. When the book The G Spot and Other Recent Discoveries About Human Sexuality was published in 1982, there was significant criticism. Some people who are not doctors simply say that it is a "highly sensitive area" in the vagina.
Scientists have carried out tests trying to find the G-spot and have not found any consistent or definitive evidence of it, and most of them believe that, if it does exist, it is an extension of the clitoris.
- Ladas, AK; Whipple, B and Perry, JD. The G spot and other discoveries about human sexuality. New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- Delvin, David; Christine Webber (May 2008). "The G-spot". Healthy Living. NetDoctor.co.uk. Retrieved 2008-11-05.
- Hines, Terence M. (August 2001). "The G-spot: A modern gynecologic myth" (abstract). Clinical Opinion: American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology. 185(2). pp. 359–362. Retrieved 2008-11-06.
- "In Search of a Perfect G". Time magazine. September 13, 1982. Italic or bold markup not allowed in:
- Kilchevsky A, Vardi Y, Lowenstein L, Gruenwald I. (2012). "Is the Female G-Spot Truly a Distinct Anatomic Entity?". Journal of Sexual Medicine 2011. doi:10.1111/j.1743-6109.2011.02623.x. PMID 22240236. G-Spot Does Not Exist, 'Without A Doubt,' Say Researchers Lay summary – Huffington Post (January 19, 2012).
- William J. Taverner (2005). Taking sides: clashing views on controversial issues in human sexuality. McGraw-Hill Education. pp. 79–82. ISBN 1429955228. Retrieved January 24, 2014.
- Ernest Gräfenberg (1950). "The role of urethra in female orgasm". International Journal of Sexology 3 (3): 145–148. http://www.landman-psychology.com/284/sexuality/grafenberg-gspot.htm.
- Perry, John D. (1996). ""Revised by the Author": a side-by-side comparison of two versions of 'The role of urethra in female orgasm by Ernest Gräfenberg, M.D. - Editing and Commentary". published by John D. Perry. Retrieved 2008-11-11.
- Darling, CA; Davidson, JK; Conway-Welch, C. (1990). "Female ejaculation: perceived origins, the Grafenberg spot/area, and sexual responsiveness.". Arch Sex Behav 19: 29–47. doi:10.1007/BF01541824.
- Addiego, F; Belzer, EG; Comolli, J; Moger, W; Perry, JD; Whipple, B. (1981). "Female ejaculation: a case study.". Journal of Sex Research 17 (1): 13–21.
- Federation of Feminist Women's Health Centers (1991) . A New View of a Woman's Body. Simon and Schuster. p. 46. ISBN 978-0-671-41215-9.
- O'Connell HE, Sanjeevan KV, Hutson JM (October 2005). "Anatomy of the clitoris". The Journal of Urology 174 (4 Pt 1): 1189–95. doi:10.1097/01.ju.0000173639.38898.cd. PMID 16145367. Time for rethink on the clitoris: Lay summary – BBC News (11 June 2006).
- Alexander, Brian (January 18, 2012). "Does the G-spot really exist? Scientists can't find it". MSNBC.com. Retrieved March 2, 2012.
- The G-Spot from UCSB's SexInfo