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Gabriel García Márquez

Colombian writer

Gabriel José de la Concordia García Márquez, also known as Gabo (March 6, 1927[1] – April 17, 2014) was a Colombian novelist, short-story writer, screenwriter, and journalist.

Gabriel García Márquez
García Márquez in February 2002
García Márquez in February 2002
Born(1927-03-06)March 6, 1927
Aracataca, Colombia
DiedApril 17, 2014(2014-04-17) (aged 87)
Mexico City, Mexico
Occupationnovelist, short-story writer, and journalist.
NationalityColombian
Literary movementMagical Realism

Signature

Márquez was born in a small town in Colombia, Aracataca. He originally studied to become a journalist. He began writing at the age of eighteen. His first books were based on his life.

He was best known for his novels One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967), The Autumn of the Patriarch (1975) and Love in the Time of Cholera (1985). His books were mainly about satire, solitude, magic realism, realism, and violence.

He won the Nobel Prize in Literature in December 1982. The reason was "for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts".

Márquez wrote his last book in 2004. He retired in May 2008 because of his age and health.

Since 2012, Márquez was sick with Alzheimer's disease. He lived with his wife, Mercedes Barcha in Mexico City. Márquez died in Mexico City from pneumonia. He was 87 years old.[2]

Contents

Early lifeEdit

 
Márquez in 1984

Márquez was born in Aracataca, Colombia. His parents were Gabriel Eligio García and Luisa Santiaga Márquez. His father was a pharmacist. His mother left him at a young age and he was raised by his grandparents and father. He studied at the University of Cartagena.

CareerEdit

He started as a journalist, and wrote many famous non-fiction works and short stories. Márquez began writing at the age of eighteen. He began writing about living in an old house with grandparents.

He is best known for his novels, such as One Hundred Years of Solitude (1967), The Autumn of the Patriarch (1975), Chronicle of a Death Foretold (1981) and Love in the Time of Cholera (1985).

Most of his books are based or set in his birthplace, Aracataca. He mostly wrote books about realism or magical realism. His motifs included solitude and violence.

Nobel PrizeEdit

 
García Márquez signing a copy of One Hundred Years of Solitude in Havana, Cuba.

In 1982, he received the Nobel Prize in Literature "for his novels and short stories, in which the fantastic and the realistic are combined in a richly composed world of imagination, reflecting a continent's life and conflicts".[3][4] When he was accepting the award, Márquez gave a speech called "The Solitude of Latin America".

Recent WorkEdit

In 2002, he published the memoir Vivir para contarla; the first of a projected three-volume autobiography. In 2004, he published another book named Memories of My Melancholy Whores. It caused many problems and controversies in Iran. This book is banned in Iran.

MoviesEdit

Several of his stories have inspired other writers and directors. In 1987, the Italian director Francesco Rosi directed the movie Cronaca di una morte annunciata, based on Chronicle of a Death Foretold, written by Márquez.

A number of movies have been made of García Márquez's work. He also wrote some scripts for movies. He often worked with Carlos Fuentes for writing scripts. His famous book, Love in the Time of Cholera was also made into a movie in 2007.

Personal lifeEdit

 
Márquez in 2005

Márquez met his wife, Mercedes Barcha, when they were in college. They wanted to get married when they both finished college but Márquez was sent to Europe. When he returned, Márquez married Barcha in 1958.

Márquez had two sons with Barcha. His first son, Rodrigo García, was born in 1959, one year after Márquez and Barcha were married. His second son, Gonzalo, was born in 1962 in Mexico. Rodrigo is a movie director and Gonzalo is a graphic designer.

 
Márquez in 2009

Márquez and his family traveled by bus to Mexico. They settled in Mexico City. Márquez had always wanted to see the Southern United States because it inspired the writings of William Faulkner. Márquez lived with his family in Mexico City.

HealthEdit

In 1999, García Márquez was diagnosed with lymphatic cancer. He went through chemotherapy and made a quick recovery. But, Márquez began developing side effects of old age which drove to his retirement in May 2008.

In 2012, Márquez became sick from Alzheimer's disease.[5] On April 3, 2014, Márquez was hospitalized in Mexico. He had infections in his lungs and his urinary tract and was suffering from dehydration. Márquez later had pneumonia.

DeathEdit

Márquez died of pneumonia at age 87 in Mexico City, Mexico.[6] His remains were cremated the next day.

Literary WorkEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. (Spanish) Distintas ciudades del mundo rinden homenaje a García Márquez en su 80 cumpleaños. Clarin (2007-03-06). Retrieved on 2008-02-05.
  2. Torres, Paloma (17 April 2014). "Gabriel García Márquez Dies: Famed Colombian Author And Nobel Laureate Dead At 87 From Pneumonia". Latin Times. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
  3. Nobel Prize in Literature for 1982 Archived 1 February 2010 at WebCite
  4. Nobelprize.org Archived 1 February 2010 at WebCite
  5. Alexander, Harriet (7 June 2012). "Gabriel Garcia Marquez suffering from dementia". The Telegraph.
  6. Castillo, E. Eduardo; Bajak, Frank (17 April 2014). "Garcia Marquez, Nobel Laureate, Dies at 87". ABC News.com. Associated Press. Retrieved 17 April 2014.CS1 maint: Multiple names: authors list (link)

Further readingEdit

  • Bhalla, Alok (1987). Garcia Marquez and Latin America.
  • Bell, Michael (1993). Gabriel García Márquez: Solitude and Solidarity.
  • Bloom, Harold (2007). Gabriel García Márquez (Modern Critical Views).
  • Bloom, Harold (2006). Gabriel García Márquez (Bloom's BioCritiques).
  • Bloom, Harold (2006). One Hundred Years of Solitude (Modern Critical Interpretations).
  • Bloom, Harold (2005). Love in the time of cholera (Modern Critical Interpretations).
  • Darraj, Susan (2006). Gabriel García Márquez(The great Hispanic heritage).
  • Fahy, Thomas (2003). Gabriel García Márquez's Love in the time of cholera : a reader's guide.
  • Fiddian, Robin W. (1995). García Márquez.
  • Fuentes, Carlos (1987). Gabriel García Márquez and the Invention of America.
  • Janes, Regina (1981). Gabriel García Márquez: Revolutions in Wonderland.
  • McGuirk, Bernard (1987). Gabriel García Márquez: New Readings.
  • McMurray, George R. (1977). Gabriel García Márquez.
  • McMurray, George R. (1987). Critical essays on Gabriel García Márquez.
  • McMurray, George R. (1987). Gabriel García Márquez: Life, Work, and Criticism.
  • McNerney, Kathleen (1989). Understanding Gabriel García Márquez.
  • Mellen, Joan (2000). Gabriel Garcia Márquez.
  • Miller, Yvette E. (1985). Gabriel Garcia Marquez.
  • Oberhelman, Harley D. (1991). Gabriel García Márquez: A Study of the Short Fiction.
  • Ortega, Julio (1988). Gabriel García Márquez and the Powers of Fiction.
  • Oyarzún, Kemy (1984). Essays on Gabriel García Márquez.
  • Penuel, Arnold M. (1994). Intertextuality in García Márquez.
  • Pelayo, Rubén (2001). Gabriel García Márquez: A Critical Companion.
  • Shaw, Bradley A. (1986). Critical Perspectives on Gabriel García Márquez.
  • Vergara, Isabel (1998). Haunting demons : critical essays on the works of Gabriel García Márquez.
  • Villada, Gene (2002). Gabriel García Márquez's One hundred years of solitude : a casebook.
  • Williams, Raymond L. (1984). Gabriel García Márquez (Twayne's World Authors Series).

Other websitesEdit

  Quotations related to Gabriel García Márquez at Wikiquote   Media related to Gabriel García Márquez at Wikimedia Commons