George Marshall

American army officer and statesman (1880–1959)
(Redirected from George C. Marshall)

George Catlett Marshall (December 31, 1880 – October 16, 1959) was an American military leader. He was Chief of Staff of the Army, Secretary of State, and the third Secretary of Defense. Marshall served as the United States Army Chief of Staff during World War II. As Secretary of State, his name was given to the Marshall Plan. For this plan, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1953.[1]

George Catlett Marshall
50th United States Secretary of State
In office
January 21, 1947 – January 20, 1949
PresidentHarry S. Truman
Preceded byJames F. Byrnes
Succeeded byDean Acheson
3rd United States Secretary of Defense
In office
September 21, 1950 – September 12, 1951
PresidentHarry S. Truman
Preceded byLouis A. Johnson
Succeeded byRobert A. Lovett
15th United States Army Chief of Staff
In office
September 1, 1939 – November 18, 1945
Preceded byMalin Craig
Succeeded byDwight D. Eisenhower
Personal details
Born(1880-12-31)December 31, 1880
Uniontown, Pennsylvania
DiedOctober 16, 1959(1959-10-16) (aged 78)
Washington, D.C.
Political partyDemocratic
Spouse(s)Katherine Boyce Tupper
Elizabeth Carter Cole
Alma materVirginia Military Institute
AwardsDistinguished Service Medal (2)
Silver Star
Nobel Peace Prize
Military service
AllegianceUnited States United States of America
Branch/serviceUnited States Army
Years of service1902–1945 also through to 1959 (General of the Army regulations)
Rank General of the Army
CommandsChief of Staff of the United States Army
Battles/warsPhilippine–American War
World War I World War II


  1. W. Del Testa, David; Florence Lemoine and John Strickland (2001). Government Leaders, Military Rulers, and Political Activists. pp. 120.