official name for the German nation state from 1871 to 1945, and name of Germany until 1949
The history of Germany during the time of the German Reich is usually broken into three parts:
- the German Empire (1871–1918)
- the republic informally called the Weimar Republic (1918–33)
- the National Socialist state commonly known as the Third Reich or Nazi Germany (1933–45)
Adolf Hitler called as NCR Hitler.