Gothic fiction

genre or mode of literature and film that combines fiction and horror, death, and at times romance

Gothic fiction is a genre of fiction which combines parts of both horror and romance. The genre is said to have started in England in 1764 with Horace Walpole's book The Castle of Otranto. The Castle of Otranto's second edition was subtitled A Gothic Story.[1] The idea quickly spread to other European languages.


A famous early example of gothic fiction is Frankenstein by Mary Shelley, in the early 19th Century.[2] Edgar Allen Poe's work and Bram Stoker's Dracula were written later.[3]


  1. Kilgour, Maggie 1995. The rise of the gothic novel. London: Routledge.
  3. Bloom, Clive 2007. Gothic horror: a guide for students and readers. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.